Deep vein thrombosis – do you belong to the risk group?

When it comes to deep-time thrombosis, early diagnosis is of the utmost importance and that is why we bring you all the symptoms and ways of prevention for this rather unpleasant and potentially dangerous phenomenon.

Deep vein thrombosis usually occurs in the area of ​​the legs and can affect anyone regardless of age, even those young and healthy who think they are absolutely not at risk. Summer is the best time to talk about this disease because the heat can cause swelling of the legs, ankles and feet, especially if you do not drink enough fluids during the day.

For this reason, it is very important to find out everything related to the prevention and symptoms of venous thrombosis.

How venous thrombosis occurs

The arteries pump blood from the heart to the veins, while the function of the veins is to return the blood back to the heart. And while the arteries have muscle tissue that helps them do that, the veins don’t have it and they rely on the muscles of the body, especially the movements of the thigh muscle. Lack of movement can restrict blood flow and therefore cause blood clots. The condition can be very serious if the clot travels through the body through the bloodstream and reaches the heart and lungs. This can lead to pulmonary embolism and a fatal outcome.

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50 percent of the risk of deep vein thrombosis are:

  • Those who have had surgery in the last month.
  • Those who wore a cast for at least a month.
  • Those who were immobile lay in blood for at least three days.
  • Those who had a leg injury.

You may also be at lower risk if you use birth control pills, hormonal pills or chemotherapy.

Symptoms of deep vein thrombosis

  • Leg or arm pain lasting more than an hour.
  • Swelling of a certain part of the body.
  • Redness and heat on the part where the clot was made.

If these symptoms persist after one hour, be sure to call your doctor.

Symptoms of pulmonary embolism

  • Chest pain lasting more than 15 minutes.
  • Shortness of breath even though you are at rest for more than 15 minutes.
  • Unconsciousness.
  • Accelerated pulse.

As many as 10 percent of people die from pulmonary embolism because they do not report to the doctor in time, and that is why if you feel any of these symptoms, and you belong to the risk group, contact the doctor immediately.

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Prevention

If you have experienced one of the four risk factors listed above, be sure to talk to your doctor about whether it is necessary to take anticoagulants.

If you go on a long trip by car, you take frequent breaks, get out of the car and stretch your legs. If you travel by bus or train, often get up from your seat during the trip, avoid alcohol and drink plenty of water.

Do not wear compression stockings as recent research has shown that they can cause a clot.

Do not ignore the symptoms of venous thrombosis, but if you notice them, contact your doctor immediately.