deconfined, the window goes out of the frame – Release

The Covid-19 pandemic in Francedossier
Reinvested by city dwellers during confinement, the window is the subject of all architectural attention. It is in the spotlight of an exhibition at the Pavillon de l’Arsenal.

Tenor singing opera, applause at 8 p.m., DJ for a balcony-concert, gymnastics lessons, aperitif with neighbors or even a simple nap in the sun: during confinement, the window was, for cloistered townspeople, an escape towards the outside world, a place of individual escape but also of meetings and common experiences.

Object of functional diversions, the wooden or PVC frame has blithely exceeded its initial function as a source of light and ventilation. For “Transforming the experience of confinement into architectural potential”, the Pavillon de l’Arsenal, both an information and documentation center and an exhibition center for town planning and architecture, had the idea of ​​asking students to imagine “devices” questioning its use , while offering new ones.

Winner of the 2020 edition of “FAIRE”, the Pavilion’s incubator for innovative urban projects, “Future scenarios. Post-containment facade devices ”, worn by architects Cyrus Ardalan, Ophélie Dozat and Lucien Dumas, is visible until November 7. It presents 60 drawings – and a prototype – of these wall breakthroughs that happily hybridize interior and exterior, the intimate and the social, the private and the public.

From the tea room to the naughty swing

“The project was born out of a form of reverie, during confinement, explains Ophélie Dozat to Release. We designed devices that are grafted to the facades to provide additional square meters to housing. ” An extension accessible to all: “The idea is that everyone can do it, that we can take on new functions in our apartment without being an architect.”

The prototype exhibited at the Pavilion is a “Double seat in balcony, back to back. A domestic voting booth, open to the city, with a veil system. A structure that works, self-supporting, and that can be built by anyone ”. The other devices give pride of place to the imagination: a tea room, a “Skype aperitif bubble”, a naughty swing, a barbecue, a sauna, a singing studio, etc. An assumed utopian dimension that aims to rethink the relationship with the outside world so that the facade is not a prison.

Paris, “museum city”

In practice, confinement served as a “crash test” for the French housing stock. A recent study by the Institute of Advanced Studies for Action in Housing, which scrutinized thousands of new development plans, showed that in twenty years the “comfort of use” of housing has fallen. If 80% of the plans studied present “At least one outdoor space”, which is an improvement, two thirds of the balconies are less than 1.50 m deep, which makes it difficult to install a small table or to dry clothes. When the loggia is not used as a storage place, due to lack of cupboards.

But the relationship with the exterior and the luminosity now take precedence in the architects’ programs. This is evidenced by the building built by Vincent Parreira on rue de Tolbiac, in Paris, where each apartment, with a 15 m2 terrace, is resolutely turned outwards. Common terraces have also been planned to promote conviviality. For its part, theThe Anyogi Beltrando architectes agency has transformed the austere facade of a building from the former Reuilly barracks : large bay windows open onto a balcony or terrace, bringing the sky into the living room.

The new and the old are not equal. “In the old, there are constraints, recognizes Ophélie Dozat. In Paris, we are in a frozen space, it is a facade city. But we must try to extricate ourselves from these constructive standards imposed by the museum city, take an example from Brussels, go beyond the PLU. ” This is good, the city of Paris is revising its local urban plan, and Parisians are called upon to give their opinion. Suggestion: free the windows!

“Future scenarios. Post-containment facade devices ”, by Cyrus Ardalan, Ophélie Dozat and Lucien Dumas, architects and FAIRE 2020 laureates, at the Pavillon de l’Arsenal (Paris IVe), until November 7.

Source: Libération by www.liberation.fr.

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