Carbon dioxide tariffs at the borders, stops for car emissions from 2035 and requirements for sustainable fuels in aviation. The EU’s new climate package is here – in the hope of zero emissions by 2050.
After many comments and attempts to put pressure on the latter, the European Commission’s climate manager has finally spoken out.
Side by side in Brussels, seven Commissioners, led by President Ursula von der Leyen, present their gigantic climate package, “Fit for 55”.
Everything is in place to achieve two of the main goals of the EU’s new climate law: zero emissions by 2050, via a 55% reduction in emissions by 2030, compared with 1990 levels.
To arrive, real changes are required.
“This is a crucial decade in the fight against climate and biodiversity crises. The EU has set ambitious goals and now we are presenting how we can achieve them,” wrote Commissioner for Climate Change Vice President Frans Timmermans on Twitter.
A whole range of comprehensive proposals are now being put forward, with everything from completely new pieces to changes and additions to current climate rules.
Among other things, it is proposed the creation of a kind of climate tariff – abbreviated CBAM in English (climate border adjustment mechanism) – which will be imposed on a number of selected goods that are imported from countries with lower ambitions in the environmental field.
Initially, however, only fertilizers, cement, aluminum, steel and electricity are affected.
We only use this in areas where there is a high content of carbon dioxide emissions (in production), explains one of the EU officials behind the new proposals.
The system will be in use from 1 January 2026 – if only EU member states and the European Parliament can give their go-ahead before then.
No car emissions
Other measures are changes in the trade in emission rights, to also include maritime traffic, road transport and construction. New emission limits will then in practice mean a ban on the sale of new petrol and diesel cars in just over ten years.
By 2035, all new cars will be emission-free. If before that you can invent an internal combustion engine that does not emit anything, it’s fine. But a technology that produces carbon dioxide will not be allowed, says another Commission official.
On the road to 2035, new targets are set to reduce emissions in grams per kilometer by 55 percent, instead of the current target of 25 percent.
Flights and ships
New targets must also be set for how much of the energy is to be renewable, both in general and for various fuels.
For example, sustainable fuels must be included in all aviation fuel refueled in the EU by 2030. Until then, manufacturers will also be obliged to increase the sustainable share of their fuel.
The new proposals will now be discussed and approved in the usual way by EU member states and by members of the European Parliament. The first green light is not expected until the first half of 2022, when France will chair the EU Council of Ministers.
Facts: EU climate law
The EU countries and the European Parliament have this year agreed on a climate law, with a binding goal that the EU will be collectively climate-neutral by 2050. In other respects, the law mainly consists of rules for how emission reductions are to be reviewed and updated until then.
The Climate Act also includes that by 2030 the EU must have reduced its emissions by at least 55 percent, compared with 1990 levels. The European Parliament pushed for higher demands, but was satisfied with 55 after promises of clear demands regarding how much should be counted when it comes to carbon sinks, such as the forest.
The Climate Act also includes that new emission targets on the road will be developed by the year 2040. In addition, a climate policy council will be established with 15 experts, of which a maximum of two from the same country.
In the coming days, a series of press conferences will be held in Brussels when the European Commission will present its major climate package:
* Wednesday, 2.15 pm: Main presentation with Chairman Ursula von der Leyen, Climate Change Vice President Frans Timmermans, Energy Commissioner Kadri Simson, Economic Commissioner Paolo Gentiloni, Transport Commissioner Adina Valean, Environment Commissioner Virginijus Sinkevicius and Agriculture Commissioner Janusski Wojci. Followed by a special press conference on energy and climate with Timmermans and Simson.
* Thursday, 10.30: Press conference with Timmermans and Gentiloni on the Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) and energy taxation. Followed by a press conference at 11.15 with Timmermans and Valean on greener transports.
* Friday, 11 a.m.: Press conference with Wojciechowski and Sinkevicius on the forest strategy.
Source: Nyteknik – Senaste nytt by www.nyteknik.se.
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