Experts told how to avoid tragedies on roads like Solntsevo
While the investigation is conducting a criminal case against 18-year-old Valeria Bashkirova, who knocked down a family with children on a zebra crossing (two died), it’s time to ask what can be done to prevent this from happening again. Let’s start with the road conditions – this is the easiest way in many ways. It should not allow a situation when the driver “did not notice” pedestrians who crossed the road in the right lane and were not visible behind other cars. Experts told MK what could be improved on the roads.
In Russia, every year according to the “Solntsevo” scenario, there are many accidents. To be convinced of this, it is enough to look at the communities on social networks dedicated to road accidents: there are enough tragic moments recorded on car DVRs. The scheme is simple: a road with two (less often three) lanes in one direction. Unregulated zebra. The pedestrian approaches the edge of the road, the polite driver in the right lane slows down to let him pass, the pedestrian quietly passes the right lane and finds himself in the left lane, where the driver who did not know to brake and did not see the pedestrian is driving. A collision occurs, often at a significant speed.
“The situation is absolutely typical,” says the leader of the Blue Buckets movement Pyotr Shkumatov. – There are hundreds of such accidents every year. When different people are involved in such accidents across the country in different circumstances, it is necessary to solve this problem using infrastructure solutions. To prevent such situations, they came up with, first, “speed bumps” in front of the “zebra”. In such a situation, the driver, who does not even see the pedestrians, slows down – his foot in front of the “zebra” is already on the brake pedal. And the low speed of the zebra crossing gives extra seconds to see pedestrians and stop. Secondly, traffic lights with a call button. A driver who may not notice pedestrians behind a stopped or braking vehicle will definitely see a red light. And it will stop.
How to put a “cop”
“Residents have the opportunity to influence the organization of traffic in Moscow,” said Alexander Yevsin, deputy head of the Moscow Center for Traffic Management, during a round table held by MK. – To do this, you need to apply with written requests to those organizations that supervise the traffic on this street. This is not only a data center, where, of course, you can apply, but also prefectures of districts, district administrations, the Department of Transport and Development of Road Transport Infrastructure. In some cases, councils of deputies of municipalities also influence decision-making.
According to Yevsin, the decision on certain elements of the road infrastructure (these are not only traffic lights or speed bumps, but also stop signs, markings and other restrictions) is ultimately made by experts, but the position of residents is taken into account without fail. In addition, it is the opinion of residents that can serve as a catalyst for the beginning of discussions and expert studies.
In Moscow, the TsODD and the traffic police are working together to install speed bumps, as well as traffic lights and warning signs “Caution, children!” This is done primarily near children’s institutions. Such priorities comply with GOST, which regulates the installation of artificial road irregularities: they are prescribed to be placed near educational and educational institutions, sports facilities, next to residential areas, shopping centers, train stations, airports.
In addition, limiters are installed in front of unregulated intersections with limited visibility and where there is a “high risk of accidents and increased danger to road users”.
– “Speed bumps” are put on the fact of serious accidents occurring on this section of the street, because this is considered evidence of a high risk of road accidents, – explained to “MK” a traffic police officer of one of the districts. – If there was no accident with victims at this place, I recommend contacting the electronic reception of the prefectures and councils, as well as the traffic police and the traffic police with an indication of the increased danger for road users. The response time can be several months – but not in all cases the installation is approved by specialists.
Thus, the most reliable way to establish an artificial unevenness would be an indication of accidents that have already occurred. But if there have not been any serious accidents at this crossing (and there are no schools, train stations and residential areas nearby), the assistance of deputies of the municipal council or even the Moscow City Duma may be required. Such cases are also known.
Traffic behind a traffic light
Making the “zebra” adjustable is even more difficult, although the general algorithm is the same, the State Traffic Inspectorate told MK. Addressees of appeals are the same: TsODD, traffic police, prefectures of districts. But in addition to the complexity of the road traffic, here it will be necessary to prove that the road is busy. The standard is as follows: at least 600 cars per hour (and if there is a dividing strip, then at least 1000 cars per hour). Pedestrians in the same unit of time on the “zebra” must pass at least 150 people. But there is a traditional caveat: if at least 3 accidents have occurred at a given crossing over the last year, a traffic light can be set even in spite of the busyness of the traffic.
The response of departments to citizens’ appeals is traditional, in accordance with federal law – 30 days. During this time, both the traffic police, and the data center, and the prefectures must give the applicant an appropriate answer. Affirmative or negative. Practice shows that the installation of a traffic light even for a purposeful initiative group sometimes takes several years. But with the proper perseverance, the success is almost one hundred percent.
Newspaper headline: How to slow down death
Source: Все материалы – Московский Комсомолец by www.mk.ru.
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