Computer game helps with personalized musculoskeletal diagnostics – technocrat

An enhanced version of the artificial intelligence-based program, originally designed for computer games, also includes a 3D camera. They can finally be used to determine when someone is loading their joints in the wrong range of motion while on the move.

Movement analysis has existed so far, primarily among runners to check how their feet are loaded during sports activity. In addition, there are several movement laboratories in Hungary, but these typically operate in research laboratories, because complex equipment is needed for diagnostics, which is not available to an average doctor’s office. In most cases, however, in order to make an accurate diagnosis, it would be essential for the specialist not to examine the patient in a supine or sitting position, but to obtain information about the pattern of movement on which he or she is loading his or her joints while moving.

“If a patient feels persistent pain and visits a specialist, the first thing to find out is the root cause. In many cases, we find pain caused by juvenile, erroneous movements and instability, which can be treated for a while, hours, but it would be much more important to recognize the root cause and treat it. Most of the musculoskeletal complaints are caused by a bad movement pattern, ie incorrectly or unilaterally loaded joints and muscles of different strength may be in the background. ”

– said Prof. Dr. Lacza Zsombor PhD, a Budapest Locomotive System Private Clinic orthopedic traumatologist.

To make an accurate diagnosis, it is necessary to see how the foot, ankle, knee behave during movement, for example, the muscles in one or the other limb are stronger, because these can all affect the proper functioning of the carcasses. Improper loading in an extended and bent position while the patient is sitting or standing is not revealed. The method developed by Prof. Dr. Lacza Zsombor and his team is based on an improved version of a special software originally designed for computer games – based on artificial intelligence – and a 3D camera to check that the patient stays on the axis while squatting, kneeling or walking. , or bypasses one of its joints. Poor range of motion can also be inferred from ankle, hip and knee instability. It worsens the situation if the patient is overweight because in this case it puts even more strain on his limb.

“The greatest strain is on the knee, so the pain can not only lead to loss of movement, narrowing, but in many cases the cartilage softens, the meniscus ruptures and the cruciate ligament ruptures. For example, if the muscle in one of the limbs is stronger, the whole body will move better in that direction, which may sooner or later cause a narrowing of movement on the opposite side. ”

Added sports researcher Dr. Míra Ambrus.

Complex motion analysis is made possible by advanced technology, the digital revolution in healthcare, as the work of doctors is aided by algorithms and accurate camera shots. In the future, locomotor complaints will also be much more personalized. Therapy may continue to be the usual physiotherapy and, in rare cases, surgery. According to the orthopedic-traumatologist, with the right treatment, bad forms of movement can be corrected and it is not legal for musculoskeletal complaints to appear with age.

The two Hungarian experts tested the method for almost two years with the help of professional athletes, mainly basketball players, runners, handball players and dancers, but it works not only for athletes. It can be especially useful, for example, for those who ski, because this sporting activity puts a heavy strain on the knee joint. Bone problems are not easy to remedy and rehabilitation is sometimes lengthy, but the movement pattern can be improved, so if inappropriate forms of movement are identified in time, surgery can also be avoided. Complex movement analysis should be performed primarily from adolescence to about 60 years of age, because musculoskeletal changes can still be reversed during this period.


Source: technokrata by www.technokrata.hu.

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