Drinking coffee reduces the risk of developing chronic liver disease, British researchers said in a study published in the medical journal BMC Public Health.
Experts at the University of Southampton and the University of Edinburgh say that consuming any type of coffee can be linked to a reduced risk of developing liver disease-related mortality from those who do not drink coffee. The beneficial effects of coffee are most optimal when consuming three to four cups a day.
The authors of the study examined data from 495,585 people in the UK Biobank who were familiar with their coffee drinking habits. They were followed for an average of 10.7 years to observe who develop chronic liver disease or a liver-related health problem – can be read on eurekalert.com.
78 percent (384,818 people) of all participants consumed coffee, while 22 percent (109,767 people) did not. During the research, 3,600 of the participants developed chronic liver disease and 301 of them died. In addition, 5,439 people developed chronic liver disease or fatty liver (stethosis), and 184 cases developed the most common cancer of the liver, hepatocellular carcinoma.
Compared to non-coffee drinkers, coffee drinkers had a 21 percent lower risk of death from chronic liver disease, a 20 percent lower risk of chronic or fatty liver disease, and a 49 percent lower risk of death from chronic liver disease. The biggest advantage was in the group that drank ground coffee. Ground coffee contains large amounts of kahveol and kafestol molecules, which have been shown in animals to be beneficial in protecting against chronic liver disease.
Although instant coffee contains less coffee and kafestol, its consumers have also been found to have reduced their risk of developing liver disease. Although the reduction in risk was smaller than for ground coffee consumers, but the results of the research suggest that possibly other components of coffee, their potential combination, may also be beneficial against the development of liver disease.
Lead author of the study, Oliver Kennedy, highlighted that coffee is widely available and the beneficial effects found in the study mean it could potentially be used to prevent the development of liver disease. This would be especially valuable in poorer countries where people have more difficulty accessing health care and where they have many victims of chronic liver disease.
However, the researchers pointed out that the participants studied in the study were mostly white and lived in better material conditions, making it difficult to generalize the findings of the research to other countries and populations.
Source: Patika Magazin Online by www.patikamagazin.hu.
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