Philodendron scandens alias Philodendron hederacerae, the heart-leaved climbing philodendron is arguably the easiest indoor green plant to grow: it remains beautiful despite much neglect.
Scientific N. Philodendron scandens
Synonyms Philodendron hederaceum, Philodendron oxycardium, Philodendron micans
Origin Central America and the Caribbean
Flowers hardly ever blooms
Typehouseplant, tropical plant
Heightclimbing stems up to 6m long!
Plant and cultivate
Hardiness slightly hardy, up to -1C
Exposition luminous shadow, hailing sun
Solrich and light potting soil
Acidity neutral acid
Philodendron scandens, more often called Philodendron hederaceae by scientists, is the heart leaf philodendron, this climbing philo ; it belongs to the big one family of the Araceae. This climbing philodendron is native to Central America and the Caribbean. It grows there most often in subtropical rainforest, but is also found in swamps, along streams or on rocky seeps. From these diverse habitats and from this wide distribution results a great variability within thespecies, so some well-typed forms are today among the easiest houseplants to grow.
It is the plant par excellence for beginners, surviving many neglect, but also a particularly satisfactory plant for any confirmed grower as it is so attractive.
Description du Philodendron hederaceae ou scandens
The philodendron at sheet of heart is a semi-epiphytic plant : it can crawl, fall or climb, clinging to trunks and branches thanks to aerial roots.
It is a plant that can be small or large, depending on what you want and also depending on the growing conditions: its flexible, more or less branched stems can stretch up to 6 m. Its leaves, clearly heart-shaped, measure in culture about 8 cm by 10 and are carried by a petiole of 6 cm on average.
And yet, in their habitat or clearly boosted by a skillful grower, these leaves can become gigantic and make almost 40 cm long !
While waiting in your interior, Philodendron scandens falls wisely from its pot, vegetates a small bamboo trellis, or clings to a mossy guardian, the support making the height of the plant, all this while bringing a lot of satisfaction to its owner.
In fact, this container culture leaves these plants continually in their juvenile phase with their small, heart-shaped leaves; therefore they do not bloom.
Heart-leaved philodendron varieties
- Philodendron scandens Where hederaceae ‘Brazil’ is a heart leaf philosophy plume, with very cheerful colors. Its leaves are split with a variable trail oscillating between yellow, cream and light green.
We can find other forms with a slightly different mix.
- Philodendron scandens Where hederaceae ‘Lemon’ or Lime House ‘ is a beautiful, very bright acid green
- Philodendron hederaceae ‘Micans’, in fact Philodendron hederaceae var hederaceae is a magnificent form with dark velvety leaves and raised veins. Its blades are dark green to brown.
How is Philodendron scandens cultivated?
The climbing philodendron is truly one of the easiest houseplants to grow. He is vigorous and grows fast provided it is fed regularly, with a growth of about 60 to 100 cm more per year and per stem.
It falls or climbs, and it is often recommended to prune or pincer regularly long stems so that they branch out more readily; sometimes a long stalk breaks and falls, it is enough to put it back in the ground and it takes root. Can also layering branches that are too long by burying a segment of a stem well fixed in the earth, it is a way of expanding the plant without any supervision.
The climbing philosopher appreciates a bright indirect light, behind a veiled window, for example, but also supports weaker lighting, which melts him however growing less quickly.
Philodendron scandens pleases between 13 ° and 27 ° C, which matches any interior. It stops growing below 13 ° C, however, it shows a hardiness reaching -1 ° C, and can therefore survive outdoors in the corresponding climatic zones.
It can also be put outside in the shade of trees during the summer months, for example while you are away on vacation. He will not need anyone.
During the growing season, water so that moisten the whole earth, then re-water only when the surface is dry. However, this plant tolerates a lot of mistakes.
In winter, water little, so that the earth does not dry out completely, to the point of retracting.
Regardless, this climbing philo takes a bit of everything, however a more humid atmosphere allows it to make bigger leaves.
Plants climbing on a mossy plant fiber killer are often prettier, as they set themselves up, and the stake can be watered and wet from above, which moistens the surrounding atmosphere.
What land to use?
a simple potting soil for indoor plants suits them very well. They are repotted when the roots have almost invaded the pot, always in a pot with holes of drainage that lets the irrigation water flow freely. Opt for a plant pot, rather than a grow pot without a hole.
- repotting with new potting soil every 2 or 3 years, if not, surfacing with new rich soil.
- contributionsfertilizer green plant liquid during the growing season from April to September, at a rate of 1 to 2 times per month when watering, or slow-release fertilizer once in April and once in July.
Comment multiplier Philodendron scandens ?
Cutting the heartleaf philodendron is a snap, as long as the cuttings are made in the spring or summer. The 3 or 4 node long cuttings are soaked in water, or buried directly in moist potting soil and smothered for a few weeks so that their leaves do not get damaged too much. the cuttings is even faster if the nodes already have some aerial roots.
Species and varieties of Philodendron
Over 500 species in the genus
- Philodendron xanadu, le xanadu
- Philodendron bipinnatifidum, a rather rustic philosophy
- Philodendron undulatum, another rather rustic philodendron
- Philodendron hastata, with arrow leaves
- Philodendron plauwmanii, very beautiful uncommon species
- Philodendron ‘Rojo Congo’, an excellent red and non-climbing variety
- Philodendron brandtianum, with silvery leaves
- Philodendron ‘Dean MacDowell’, an amazing and rare cultivar with giant leaves
Source: Au Jardin, conseils en jardinage by www.aujardin.info.
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