Climate change: Driest summers in Europe

Climate change: Driest summers in Europe

Climate change will make summers in Europe increasingly dry and hot, with severe atmospheric phenomena: the Met Office says.

I climate changes will determine summer increasingly dry and torrid throughout Europe. This is what emerges from a new study, conducted by the Hadley Center of the British Met Office, on the consequences of climate change for the Old Continent.

The global warming in Europe it is already a reality and, without specific interventions, it will continue to worsen in the coming decades. So much so that, by the end of the century, summer rains will become a real rarity across the continent, resulting in seasons extremely affected by drought and heat.

Climate change and summers in Europe

The study, published in Science Bulletin and led by Nikos Christidis and Peter Scott, highlights the consequences of climate change in Europe. The researchers analyzed the historical trends on the summers of the Old Continent and, using a predictive model with medium emissions for the next decades, they estimated the probability of summers characterized by rain or by Drought. Again, they also added variables related to temperature increase and changes in theevapotraspirazione, that is the quantity of water that passes from the ground to the air and turns into steam.

From the analysis of all these data, it emerged that Europe is heading towards increasingly hot and devoid of summer seasons rainfall, so much so that the possibility of classical rain by the end of the century it would seem feasible only in small areas. Among these, the Scandinavian snow-capped peaks and part of the Alps. Christidis explains:

We expect to see significant changes to European summers as a result of man-made climate change. Summers could get much drier and this change will become more and more evident as we move towards the turn of the century.

Not only worries about the occurrence of warm seasons ready to bring temperatures typical of areas close to deserts to Europe, but also the fact that the model has been developed on estimates of average emissions. That is, with containment measures in the production of gas serra already implemented.

But that’s not all, since summer seasons plus tower do not mean the absence of water. Indeed, they correspond to the increase of dangerous atmospheric phenomena, such as storms, floods, floods and hurricanes. He explains it Kate Willet, an expert from the Met Office, pointing out that the more water is retained in the atmosphere in the form of gas due to evaporation due to rising temperatures, the greater the possibility of extreme precipitation.

Source: Met Office


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