CHP leader Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu wrote to Cumhuriyet on ’30 August’: ‘We will succeed again’

The Great Offensive, which started with artillery fire at 05:30 on the morning of August 26, 1922, was completed with the Battle of the Commander-in-Chief on August 30, 1922.

Halide Edip (Adıvar) Hanım describes the course of the war after 30 August in her book titled “Türk’ün Ateşle Testihanı”, where she collects the Memories of the War of Independence, with the sentence: “The soldiers would enter the city they were going to save like a flood, in a rush from a blocked strait”.

Our army will enter Uşak like a flood on September 1, as if confirming Halide Edip Hanım. Continuing to advance upon the request of Mustafa Kemal, the Commander-in-Chief of our National Struggle, dated September 1, 1922, our army reached Izmir on September 9.

INDICATOR OF THE CIVIL SPIRIT

I say “request” because Mustafa Kemal explained to the Western (Western) Front Command his expectation from our army, “The declaration I wrote to the army is attached. I request that this be announced to all the troops in the Western Front and that it be read even to the soldiers (private soldiers) through the officers”. Mustafa Kemal begins his declaration with the address “Armies of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey” and continues as follows:

“… In the great battle of Afyonkarahisar, Dumlupınar, you destroyed the main elements of a cruel and proud army in an unbelievably short time. You prove that you are worthy of the sacrifices of our great and noble nation. The great Turkish nation, which is our owner, is right to be sure of its future. I closely observe and follow your dexterity and sacrifices on the battlefield. Considering that there will be more pitched battles in Anatolia, I request all my friends to move forward and to continue to spend their mental strength and courage resources in a competitive competition. armies; Your First Destination is the Mediterranean. Forward!”

In summary; When we look at this declaration, we see a “requesting” Mustafa Kemal from the army, although he is the political leader and military commander-in-chief of a victorious struggle. Moreover, he continued this request with the address “Armies of the Turkish Grand National Assembly”; determined the limits of our army’s authority.

SOMETHING AT THE MOST PERFECT ATTRACTION

And Mustafa Kemal did not hesitate to appear as the commander-in-chief, who did not order even a single member of the army and demanded that they reach the Mediterranean, that is, Izmir. This style of Commander-in-Chief Mustafa Kemal is an indication of his civil spirit full of kindness.

Mustafa Kemal continues this courtesy against the Greek Army Commander-in-Chief, Nikolas Trikopis, who was taken prisoner on September 2, 1922. Halide Edip Hanım describes the encounter between Mustafa Kemal and Trikopis with the following sentences in her book of the same name:

“…He (Mustafa Kemal) pays no attention to the disguises of the Greek Generals and the evils of their entourage. Trikopis is his rival in this game. In this military game, the man he hits the ground maintains the movement in accordance with the rule. Like a victorious wrestler who shakes the hand of the wrestler whose back he has brought to the ground. He grabbed Trikopis’s hand, holding it for more than a casual handshake:

– Sit down, general, you’ll be tired.

After that, he handed over the cigarette case, ordered coffee… After that they sat around the table. Mustafa Kemal Pasha was looking forward to discussing the game they played in the field of military service… When the interview was over, Mustafa Kemal stood up:

“Can I do something for you?” he asked.

Trikopis:

“I would like my wife in Istanbul to be informed of my situation,” he replied.

Then, Mustafa Kemal Pasha, holding Trikopis’s hand for a long time, said:

– War is a game of suitors, General. Sometimes the most skillful is defeated, you have done your duty. Responsibility comes from luck. Don’t be upset.”

Mustafa Kemal’s treatment of the captive Trikopis is not only an example of military traditions, but also a manifestation of his civilian personality.

In this part of the article, I would like to share another memory of Halide Edip Hanım from her work titled Türk’ün Ateşle İmtihanı. Halide Edip Hanım met a captain in the war zone, probably on 31 August 1922. The captain is burying his martyred twin brother. Halide Edip, the martyr said, “Captain Celal lying on the ground was like a portrait of his brother… There was a big wound in the middle of one of his black eyebrows. But his face was in absolute tranquility”. After the burial, Halide Edip prays at the grave of the martyr and makes the following wish:

LEARNING BROTHERHOOD

“O God, isn’t it time to teach all people that they are your children and each other’s brothers?”

Halide Edip’s wish at the grave of Martyr Captain Celal, whose mother has not been seen for two years, seems to have found its place in the last part of Mustafa Kemal’s speech at the Turkish Grand National Assembly about a month after the victory. In the finale of his speech, dated October 4, 1922, titled “Declaration of His Excellency from the Commander-in-Chief, Gazi Mustafa Kemal Pasha, on the Details of the Last War (detailed explanation),” he says:

“…The sweet sun of peace will not be delayed any longer on the horizon of our country, which has been devastated by the hands of the enemy, and our nation willingly gave its life to save every corner of it, and was watered with the blood of our children…”

When the request expressed with kindness from the Armies of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey and the belief that the sweet sun of peace will not be delayed are considered together, we encounter Mustafa Kemal’s unwavering commitment to national sovereignty. Mustafa Kemal reinforces this belief in his speech on October 4, 1922, by describing himself as a soldier who is at the head of the armies of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey and only fulfills the decisions of the Grand National Assembly, by expressing his satisfaction with this. In his speech, Mustafa Kemal is a soldier not accepting congratulations, but congratulating the Turkish Grand National Assembly: “I congratulate my very dear and respected friends on the victory of the idea of ​​freedom and independence they represent against the whole world…”

ATATÜRK’S COMMITMENT

I mean, when we look at Mustafa Kemal, we see a person who is loyal to national sovereignty and the Grand National Assembly of Turkey, where national sovereignty comes to life, humble and kind even to those under his command as the commander-in-chief, respectful and forgiving towards his enemies; the face of this personality is oriented towards national sovereignty. The military personality of Mustafa Kemal, one of the most important commanders in world history, was surrounded by this civilian state, shaped and determined in his civilian state.

Even as a young officer at the age of 25; Isn’t he the one who told his friends that a new state should be established in 1906 and that this state should be built on the basic principle of “The sovereignty belongs to the nation unconditionally”? Mustafa Kemal, from 1906 to 1920, when the Turkish Grand National Assembly was opened, did not take a step back from his goal of “providing the dominance of the nation”, and made the dominance of the nation permanent by declaring the Republic on October 29, 1923.

Kılıçdaroğlu is in the National Struggle Museum…

THE PATH WE GO

In the 100th anniversary of the Great Offensive and the Battle of the Commander-in-Chief, we need the existence of the Turkish Grand National Assembly, which was built on the principle of Mustafa Kemal’s “sovereignty unconditionally belongs to the nation”. Mustafa Kemal, we know that the most important goal of his life was to carry the struggle for democracy to a permanent stage. That is why we bear the responsibility of crowning our Republic with democracy.

Because Mustafa Kemal’s Great Offensive II. We see that the basic problems will be solved with the establishment of national dominance and democracy, in accordance with the description he made on his anniversary and moreover in Dumlupınar, “Lords, his dominion is such a light for the nation that chains melt before him, crowns and thrones burn and perish”. I have no doubt that what we learned from Mustafa Kemal as a civilian person and the path we took in the light of his personality will lead us to real democracy.

PEOPLE’S STATE PEOPLE’S STATE

Because Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, in his speech to the Turkish Grand National Assembly on 13 August 1923, said, “The new Turkish state is a people’s state, a people’s state… In order for a nation to be completely wiped out from the world, and a nation to be completely destroyed from the community of humanity, events as extraordinarily difficult as Noah’s Flood must have taken place. But people are doomed to descend on their own. For this reason, the survival and extinction rates are the same between the people’s administration and the personal administration,” he reminds us of our responsibility for today. In other words, it is on our shoulders to make our Republic of Turkey a people’s state again, a state of our people.

Believe; When we fully achieve democracy, which will make the Republic of Turkey the people’s state again, the wish of Halide Edip Hanım, which was voiced at the head of Captain Celal’s grave, will also come true. Because when we crown our Republic with democracy, when we achieve this crowning without excluding or marginalizing anyone and together, we will be one step closer to the fact that we are each other’s brothers. This success of ours will set an example for all oppressed nations and modern civilization; It will also contribute to the formation of a new brotherhood law among the members of these countries.

With these feelings, inspired by the speech of our Great Leader Mustafa Kemal dated October 4, 1922, he and the Chief of General Staff of the time, Fevzi Çakmak, who undertook duties in the Great Offensive, the then Western (Western) Front Commander İsmet İnönü, the then Minister of National Defense. I commemorate Kazım Özalp and all the members of the army of our National Struggle, valuable deputies of the Turkish Grand National Assembly and Halide Edip Adıvar with love, respect and gratitude.

KEMAL KILIÇDAROĞLU

CHP GENERAL PRESIDENT


Source: Cumhuriyet Gazetesi – Gündem by www.cumhuriyet.com.tr.

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