Chinese Aralia, Aralia Ming, Polyscias fruticosa: plant, cultivate, multiply

Polycias fruticosa called Chinese aralia or Ming aralia is a superb houseplant, quite rarely offered. A real small exotic and sculptural tree with cut foliage, it is very reliable if we respect its watering needs.

Aralia de Chine, Aralia Ming, Polyscias fruticosa


Scientific N. Polyscias fruticosa

Synonyms Aralia fructicosa, Polyscias fruticosa var. plume

Origin India and Polynsia

Flowering t

Flowers fairly insignificant, white-yellow

Typehouseplant, small tree, indoor bonsa, polluting plant, officinal plant


Foliage persistent

Height0.60 2.50m in cultivation, 5m outdoors

Plant and cultivate

Hardiness not hardy, 4C minimum

Exposition bright and indirect light, clear shadow

Solrich, humus

Acidity slightly acidic acid

Humidity fresh all the time

useapartment, greenhouse, veranda

Plantationspring fall

Multiplicationcuttings, seedlings

Aralia de Chine, Aralia Ming, Polyscias fruticosa

Polyscias fruticosa, Ming aralia or Chinese aralia, is a tropical shrub plant belonging to the family Araliaceae, therefore related to ivy, and true aralias. Its origin is probably in India and Polynesia, but it is widely cultivated in Asian subtropics, because officinal and edible. Like other polyscias sold as houseplants, the Ming aralia makes a superb houseplant, which is unfortunately too rarely offered: over time, it really takes the look of a beautiful tree on a miniature scale and his feathery foliage is superb.

Description of the Chinese aralia

Polyscias fruticosa forms a slender tree up to 5 m high, and can be limited by size without inconvenience for a growing as a houseplant. Columnar in shape, however, this polyscias shows fuller foliage and more spreading branches than other cultivated species. Its large leaves are compound and finely divided, somewhat resembling ferns or parsley. They are dark green and shiny, often grouped together at the end of a branch.

Some varieties are more curly or variegated with cream.

How to cultivate the Chinese aralia?

Polyscias fruticosa is perhaps a little more delicate in culture than other polyscias, especially from the point of view of watering. However, when watered properly, it is a pretty plant that lasts. The Chinese aralia requires a exposition bright without direct sunlight, or possibly with a little sun in the morning only. He likes between 16 and 29 ° C, which corresponds to our habitats.

The substrate of the Ming aralia must remain constantly humid without ever soaking in water. His land, often a good potting soil green plant, can be mixed with coarse gravel or the pouzzolane to improve the drainage : indeed the weak point of the Ming aralia is that its roots are fragile and rot easily if they are drowned. You therefore need a pot with a hole in the bottom and a certain skill to water it: an abundant supply of fresh water as soon as the surface of the earth dries up, that is to say more often in summer than in winter, by fairly quickly removing excess water. water that ends up in the saucer or the flowerpot.

Conversely, if it is thirsty, it loses its leaves, but they will grow back with the correct watering rate.

Polyscias fruticosa enjoy a a little humid atmosphere, which prevents the development of mites and yellowing of the leaves. If the apartment is too dry, it can be misted regularly or placed on a tray of clay balls.

Repotting will be done in the spring every other year. Contributions fromfertilizer are possible from May to September, especially the year when the earth was not changed. Its growth is quite slow, and its needs are rather low.

The Chinese aralia grows very well all year round indoors, but can also be taken outside and placed in the shade during the summer, as long as you don’t forget to water it.

The supports the size well to limit it in height, to make a beautiful indoor tree or to maintain it as a bonsai.

Other uses

In subtropical regions, the Ming aralia is used in agroforestry, often as a hedge.

In Asia, its young shoots are eaten as a vegetable, and it is a traditional anti-inflammatory herbal medicine.

Comment multiplier Polyscias fruticosa ?

The 10 cm cuttings pick up easily with a bottom heat of 21 to 24 ° C, kept under pressure and in a very slightly moist soil.

Of root cuttings and the appearance of root suckers are possible.

Species and varieties of Polyscias

About 25 species in the genus

  • Polyscias paniculata, with very cut leaves
  • Polyscias guilfoylei, false coffee tree, small-leaved
  • Polyscias balfouriana, aralia de Balfour
  • Polyscia roble, with geranium leaves
  • Polyscias filicifoliafern-leaved polyscias or aralia

Source: Au Jardin, conseils en jardinage by

*The article has been translated based on the content of Au Jardin, conseils en jardinage by If there is any problem regarding the content, copyright, please leave a report below the article. We will try to process as quickly as possible to protect the rights of the author. Thank you very much!

*We just want readers to access information more quickly and easily with other multilingual content, instead of information only available in a certain language.

*We always respect the copyright of the content of the author and always include the original link of the source article.If the author disagrees, just leave the report below the article, the article will be edited or deleted at the request of the author. Thanks very much! Best regards!