The healing properties of chamomile are well known to all, but this plant has proven to be very effective for another purpose. It’s about plant health. Chamomile is very effective when used in organic production for the preparation of natural preparations. We talked about this topic with Dr. Vladimir Filipović, a senior research associate at the Institute for the Study of Medicinal Plants “Dr. Josif Pančić” and the National Association for the Development of Organic Production Serbia Organica.
Chamomile is most often used as an herbal preparation in the form of tea
As this expert says, chamomile is one of najkorišćenijih medicinal plants. Its healing properties have been known for a long time, so it is present in almost every household as such. Due to the presence of a large number of medicinal substances, it has been cultivated for many years. I am glad that it is samonikla on a large number of terrains it began to slowly “return”.
“As for the use of chamomile as an herbal preparation, it is most often used chamomile tea. It can also be used as a broth (decoction) but also as a fermented extract. The difference between these herbal preparations is in their preparation, “Filipović pointed out for the AGROmedia portal.
He points out that tea is made from fresh (better option!) or dry parts of the plant that are poured over boiling water and the tea is left to stand about 20 minutes. It is then filtered and cooled and, depending on the type used, is used or used immediately classes with water (most desirable rainwater or stagnant well water) and uses.
„Uvarak (soup) is prepared by pouring cold water over the chopped parts of the plant leave for 24 hours. After that, the soup is picture 15-30 minutes, then cool, strain and liquid – broth used for treatment (spraying – usually diluted). The fermented extract is formed when fresh (best) or dry plant parts are poured over cold water and left outside until boiling begins. The mass is in progress 7-12 dana occasionally stirring. Fermentation is complete when the plant parts fall to the bottom of the vessel and the liquid clears. The extract is mandatory before treating the plants dilutes with water (usually it is a ratio of one part of extract and 10 (20, 50) parts of water) “, our interlocutor points out for this topic.
Chamomile tea is a “bath” for seeds that are attacked by fungi and bacteria
He adds that these preparations are mostly used by organic producers, and they are not far behind biodynamic producers, and lately, an increasing number of those engaged in plant production using herbal preparations in urban agriculture, mostly using them in so-called. “Urban gardens”.
He answers the question why it is useful chamomile tea used as a preparation in the treatment and disinfection of seeds and soil?
“Tea is as useful as seed bath, especially for seeds that “attack” fungi and bacteria. The seeds are left in the tea ten minutes and then sows or dries for later use “, explains Filpović this process.
Tea, he claims, can be used in diluted form, usually one part tea and five parts stagnant water or rainwater. Such a preparation can be used in protected area (greenhouse, hothouse or warm beds) for watering the soil, before and after sowing seeds for seedlings and for watering seedlings and seedlings, with equally effective results.
He points out that this procedure is necessary repeat several times, watering is usually done once a week. Tea treatment can be done in the so-called cold beds, as well as outdoors, mainly in production vegetables and herbs. This is one of cheaper variants disinfection of the soil and at the same time represents an ecological method, which not harmful to the environment.
Chamomile preparations effective against the most dangerous diseases of seedling production
He also answers the question against which diseases and pests are chamomile flower-based preparations effective?
“They are most often used in prevention occurrence of fungi which cause the so-called laying seedlings which is the most dangerous disease in its production. Unfortunately, most species that are grown through seedlings have this problem. The phenomenon of lying down is the most common cause decay of seedlings, this phenomenon is caused by several parasitic fungi that reside in the soil (Pythium debarianum, Fusarium spp, Sclerotinia spp, Phytophtora spp, Rhizoctonia solani). Other fungi often appear in such conditions, such as: Aspergillus spp., Alternaria spp., Rhizoctonia spp and others. Fungi are transmitted via infected seeds and plant remains “, points out Dr. Vladimir Filipović.
Together with dandelion, chamomile reduces the fusarium of tomatoes
In the end, he states that the highest efficiency of application was applied to fruit vegetables such as watermelons, cucumbers, melons, but also peppers and tomatoes. For example, in tomatoes, it can reduce the appearance of diseases together with dandelion fusarium tomato (Fusarium oxysporum sp. lycopersici).
It is also recommended in organic production to treat the seeds of the above species with some of the chamomile-based preparations before sowing.
Source: Agromedia by www.agromedia.rs.
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