Name after the Capuchin robe
Europeans drank black coffee for centuries, and began to add milk to it only during the 17th century. The predecessor of cappuccino was not served until the 18th century. But it was not in Italy, but in Austria, especially in the cafés of Vienna. The drink »Kapuziner« appeared in the offer of local companies. It was coffee with cream and sugar, and it got its name from the color of the robes of Capuchin monks.
What does a real cappuccino look like?
Classic cappuccino consists of an espresso with a volume of about 30 ml, warm milk and about 2 cm layer of milk foam. The modern version consists of 30 ml of espresso and instead of a thick foam on the surface, there is a so-called microfoam, which is more tied to the milk. The layer on the surface should be fine, aligned with the edge of the cup and without visible bubbles. Cappuccino is prepared in cups of 150 to 180 ml.
70 years of modern cappuccino
The machine used to make cappuccino was invented in Italy, patented by Luigi Bezzer in 1901. At that time, however, the cappuccino was more like Viennese coffee with whipped cream sprinkled with cinnamon or chocolate. The hot milk microfoam that cappuccino stands for today was part of the drink later.
Similarly, the methods of preparation changed, especially after the Second World War, when the Italians brought their espresso to perfection (pressure espresso machines began to be used) as well as whipping milk. The cappuccino acquired its current form around 1950.
Foam with a picture
Surely you’ve seen a barista making a cappuccino with a picture on the surface. This art is called latte art and even has its mastery. The aim of latte art is to offer the customer not only delicious coffee, but also visual pleasure. The most common motifs for cappuccino are hearts, flowers or so-called rosettes.
Flat white with double dose
Recently, Flat white has become increasingly popular. It is prepared in a glass or a cappuccino cup from two shots of espresso (so-called dopio) and topped with warm milk with foam (it forms a layer of about 1 cm).
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Proper cappuccino is characterized by a fine foam on the surface.
Source: Blesk.cz by www.blesk.cz.
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