Bulgarians and Brazilians voted on the same day this year. Photo by Nikolay Dojchynov, AFP
Only partial surprises were brought by a pair of important elections that took place on Sunday, October 2, on different sides of the globe. In Bulgaria, the bloc around the GERB party, a right-wing pro-entrepreneurial entity with a corrupt past, led by three-time ex-prime minister Boyko Borisov, won as expected. In Brazil, in the first round of presidential elections, the left-wing ex-president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva won over the current head of state Jair Bolsonaro, but only in a ratio of 48.4 to 42.2 percent. No one got more than 50 percent of the vote here, so the second round at the end of the month has to decide.
When it comes to Bulgaria, we already discussed in the pre-election commentary and analysis of the topic that, since last April, it was already the fourth parliamentary election that had to be called in this country. Bulgarian politicians have struggled to form stable coalitions in recent years, as all three local party stalwarts — GERB, BSP (post-communist socialists) and MRF (the Turkish minority party) — are burdened by corruption scandals. At the same time, the new parties emerging in response to the corruption of the traditional ones do not have enough strength on their own, and they also suffer from their own problems.
Bulgarians go to the polls again. They strengthen the old structures and the extreme right
In the current elections, the anti-corruption camp was mainly represented by the bloc around the party We continue to make changes Kirill Petkov, who led the government since the last (autumn) elections. He himself received 19.52 percent of the vote, while Borisov’s GERB received 24.48 percent.
BSP (8.99 percent of votes) and MRF (13.28 percent) will again be in the Bulgarian parliament. The anti-corruption camp will then be represented by the liberal coalition Democratic Bulgaria (7.20 percent).
The far-right candidate will also have an MP Revival (9.53 percent) and apparently also nationalistically profiled Rise up Bulgaria Stefan Janev, former official prime minister and minister of defense (4.47 percent). Janev was forced out of Petkov’s government in March this year when he took on Russian rhetoric regarding the invasion of Ukraine.
Last spring’s most successful anti-corruption movement — It is such a nation around the singer and TV celebrity Salvi Trifonov — ended up below the four percent threshold this time.
“Complicated coalition talks can be expected (…) Another caretaker government is not ruled out either. But Borisov promises to act maturely, aware of all the difficulties that threaten a winter without Russian gas, and with the intention of reaching an agreement.” states Reuters election report with the addition that GERB will maintain the country’s Atlantic course, but will also negotiate with the pro-Russian far right.
Bulgarian election results from Monday afternoon, with 98 percent of the votes counted. The voting was accompanied by a record low turnout of around 30 percent. WmC graphics
Elections in Brazil
In the Brazilian election, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva won 48.4 percent of the vote, about as much support as polls had predicted. It was also confirmed that he will lack the votes cast for another left-wing candidate, Ciro Gomes, to overcome the fifty percent threshold in the first round. Gomes received three percent of the vote (3.6 million votes in Brazilian terms) and finished fourth on Sunday.
Presidential elections in Brazil: Lula is the favorite, fears about Bolsonaro are confirmed
A certain surprise was the support of the second Jair Bolsonaro, who the latest polls predicted slightly above or below 40 percent of the vote. In the end, he won 43.2 percent, or 51 million votes. So he was behind Lula by 6.2 million votes.
Can a Trumpist president close such a difference within a month? According to the first post-elections analyses will now be fought mainly for the five million votes cast for the third most successful candidate, namely Simone Tebetová, who was supported by the liberal right in the elections. The other registered candidates only received support in the order of hundreds or tens of thousands.
The political atmosphere in the country is already very heated. Candidates are attacked verbally, but there are also cases of real electoral violence, including murders. The constant fear that Bolsonaro, if he loses, will not recognize the results and the situation will get worse.
“A lot of strength, especially to fellow journalists. It’s going to be an intense twenty-eight days,” wishes at the end of Sunday’s election special from Brazil, Helen Sullivan, foreign affairs correspondent for The Guardian.
Brazil election results, as of Monday noon. Participation in the presidential part of the election exceeded 79 percent this year. BBC graphics
Source: Deník referendum by denikreferendum.cz.
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