Birth – this is how a normal birth process takes place

A birth often proceeds quite normally without any injury or complications. Here we will describe how the birth usually takes place. From the very first signs of birth until you have given birth to your little baby.

All births are experienced differently, but there will be some general things that go through most births, so you can also read about how your body is likely to react.

Read on and get enriched with lots of useful information.

The first signs that your birth is beginning

The mucus plug comes loose

When the mucus plug comes loose, it is a sign that your birth is approaching. But it can still take days or weeks before the birth really starts.

The mucus plug is a plug of tough mucus that sits in the cervix and which ensures that bacteria do not enter the uterus. When your cervix shortens and your cervix opens quite a bit, the mucus plug slides out.

Character bleeding

When your cervix shortens and your cervix begins to open, some small blood vessels jump, this is called sign bleeding. The sign bleeding means that the birth is approaching.

If you bleed very heavily and it looks like a period, you should contact the hospital immediately, as something may be wrong.


When an impending birth is approaching, it is perfectly normal to get diarrhea. It is the body’s own way of emptying the intestinal contents completely. It is an advantage to be “emptied” before the birth begins.

If you have not emptied yourself automatically, you will be offered an enema at the place of birth.

Picking spring

In the last weeks before birth, it is normal for your plucking pains to increase in intensity and strength. Three to four plucking cattle per hour is perfectly normal. This is not in itself a sign that the birth is about to begin.

The slightly stronger plucking pains in the last part of pregnancy can help to mature your cervix and mouth, so you are more prepared to open up when the right contractions start.

There is a big difference between the nature of plucking pains and real pains.

The water goes

When the placenta ruptures, it is called the water flowing, and it is a sign that your birth is imminent. The water can go either in one big rinse, or it can seep just as quietly.

Approx. 15% go into labor immediately after the water has gone. But it’s not like on film where you have to rush off to the hospital, it’s very exaggerated.

If you know or suspect that the water has gone, call the place of birth. They will then get you in for an examination, and then they will decide whether you should stay or be sent home again.

65% get labor pains within the first 24 hours after the water has gone.

However, if you have not given birth yourself, the birth will be started no later than 24 hours after the water has passed. Because as there is now free passage for bacteria up to the baby and the uterus, it can develop into an infection.

Read also: Overview of all birthplaces in Denmark

The birth can be started via a suppository in the vagina or a ve-stimulating drip. When the water runs, lie down if:

The child lies with the buttocks down or lies at an angle or across
If you have not passed the 34th week of pregnancy
If previous examination shows that you have too much amniotic fluid

Contact the place of birth and follow their instructions, you may need to be driven in by an ambulance.

Contact the maternity ward when there are 4-5 minutes between contractions

You should contact the hospital when there are 4-5 minutes between contractions and they have increased in strength and length. This only applies if you are giving birth for the first time. Second-time mothers should contact the hospital when there are 5-7 minutes between contractions.

In the beginning, a ve lasts approx. 30-60 seconds and comes with approx. 5-20 minute intervals.

However, this varies somewhat from person to person, some only discover the contractions later when they come at closer intervals, while others, for example, at a rapid birth very quickly go into the active phase.

In the active phase, the contractions usually last 60-90 seconds and come with approx. 2-4 minute intervals.

When the birth really starts, the contractions become very regular and more painful, and once they have started, they usually do not stop until the baby is born.

Also read: Why birth preparation is important

Now your birth is really getting started

Now you are missing the expansion phase, where the contractions will come with shorter and shorter intervals and the actual press phase, where the baby is born. Now the birth has finally begun.

The enlargement phase with real contractions

Births often start with labor pains. The first stage of childbirth begins when the contractions cause your cervix to dilate and eventually become extinct. It is not always easy to distinguish between picking pains and the right pains.

As a general rule, plucking cattle are usually not regular and after a while become weaker or disappear. A good rule of thumb is that if you are in doubt about the nature of the contractions, then they are probably not the right contractions.

This is how pain is experienced

It is very different how women experience the pain associated with the labor pains.

Some people feel a pain over the lower back, but most often it will feel like a wave of pain over the abdomen when the vein reaches its peak for a few seconds and then subsides. At the same time, the uterine muscle becomes hard and very tense.

Some people find that the strong contractions come one after the other, but it is just as common for the contractions to vary in strength.

The press phase – the baby is born

The press phase is the most exciting of the phases of birth, as it is in this phase that your baby comes into the world.

For first-time mothers, the pressing phase lasts on average one hour, while it does not have to last more than 15 minutes for multiple first-time mothers. If the press phase drags on for too long, you may take the baby with a suction cup.

When the press period starts, you have opened up approx. 10 cm, and the baby’s head is now on the pelvic floor. You will thus be able to easily feel the baby’s head just inside the vaginal opening if you feel it with a finger in the vagina.

Your cervix is ​​fully enlarged and it causes you to automatically feel the urge to squeeze. The contractions now last approx. 60-90 seconds and there are only 2-4 minutes between them.

Many people experience it as a great relief that they can now take an active part in the birth themselves, and it gives them a renewed energy. The urge to press will usually be present right up until the baby is born.

Also read: This you must bring to the delivery room

How to get the best press position

The best pressing position is achieved in an upright position, as gravity then also helps to push the child down towards the pelvic floor.

The baby’s head is pressed out through the vaginal opening

The press period is not nearly as painful as the expansion phase. The baby’s head is now pressing on nerves that will make you feel like you need to get rid of feces. Many women start pushing completely automatically.

You will feel it tighten quite a bit until the baby’s head is pushed out through the vaginal opening. Your midwife will support your crotch and hold it slightly on the baby’s head so that your crotch is spared from stretch marks as much as possible.

The midwife will also help you breathe most appropriately throughout the press period.

Suddenly the head is out

When the head is out, the midwife checks that the umbilical cord is not around the baby’s neck and that the baby’s nose and mouth are free of fluid. There will often be a small break of approx. 1 minute to the next press veers.

Here, one child’s shoulder will usually be born at the first woe, and the other shoulder will follow with the next woe. Once the shoulders are out, the rest of the body slips out on its own. The baby will usually slip into a large lake of amniotic fluid.

Video of a birth

Click on the link and watch a beautiful video of a birth at Aarhus University Hospital.

birth movies

Your child is now born

Your baby is now born, and he or she may already be breathing and crying. The baby is wrapped in a blanket and you will have the baby in your arms for the first time. It’s a great moment, probably the greatest you will ever experience.

The baby is placed on the breast

If you put the baby to the breast, it may already start to suck and start breastfeeding.

This stimulation will cause the substance oxytocin to be released. This causes the uterus to contract, thereby expelling the placenta.

The placenta is expelled

Once your baby has been born, there will be a break in the contractions, which lasts approx. 15 minutes.

After this, the uterus will contract again, and the placenta will now be detached from the uterine wall and expelled. This phase will be relatively painless, it feels like something big and warm and soft when the placenta is expelled.

Many hospitals today routinely use the drug “methergin”, which is given as an injection. This substance stimulates the uterus, causing it to contract, thereby reducing bleeding.

Once the placenta is born, the midwife or obstetrician will examine it to make sure it is intact.

If it is not whole, it means that there are remnants of the placenta left in your uterus, and this can lead to bleeding later. If there are remnants of the placenta in your uterus, you will get an excision under anesthesia.

Also read: All about pain relief at birth

After the birth you will be examined

Once the placenta is born, you will be examined and washed. If the birth has caused major tears or tears, you will be locally anesthetized and sewn immediately.

It can be uncomfortable to be stunned in the sore and broken skin, but you will probably want your newborn baby very close to you, and this can outweigh a lot.

You will also be asked to urinate so that you can ensure that everything is working normally on you.

We wish you a lot of luck with your birth, and we are sure that it will be an absolutely fantastic and good experience for you.

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