The multimillionaire and founder of Microsoft has been increasingly interested in the climate problem in recent years and, regarding the climate transition, he says that this is an unprecedented challenge. “We have never made a transition like the one we intend to make over the next 30 years. There is no precedent,” he says.The scale of the challenge in question is 51 billion to zero, the two numbers that Bill Gates considers essential. 51 billion is the number of tons of greenhouse gases that the world emits into the atmosphere each year and zero emissions (in net terms) is the ultimate goal. This goal of zero net emissions means cutting emissions to a level where they can be absorbed in equal quantities by the atmosphere.
The objective set by the Paris Agreement on climate change is to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050, a goal already incorporated into the European Union’s Green Deal.
In order to reduce emissions, a comprehensive plan is needed. Planting trees will help with greater gas absorption, but a major investment in the production of renewable energies will also be needed.
In Bill Gates’ view, technology will play a crucial role here. Clean energy such as solar and wind power can contribute to the decarbonization of electricity consumed by families and companies, stresses the multimillionaire, stressing that, however, this would represent only a 30% cut in total emissions.
Bill Gates adds that it will be necessary to decarbonize 70% of the rest of the global economy – from cement to steel, through fertilizers or transport systems, among others – however in many of these cases the technology necessary for this adaptation does not yet exist.
That is why Gates argues that success in combating climate change for a sustainable planet lies largely in technological innovation. The innovation in the technology sector that Bill Gates talks about is also unprecedented, which leads Microsoft founder and philanthropist to argue that national governments will have to lead by example and take the lead in the ongoing fight.
Source: Jornal de Negócios by www.jornaldenegocios.pt.
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