Suara.com – Tongue Tie is a type of abnormality in the baby’s tongue, precisely in the frenulum of the tongue, causing the baby’s tongue to be too short.
According to Oceaniathe frenulum is a thin membrane that is owned by every human being where the frenulum will connect the tongue with the gums.
Normally, a newborn should have a separated frenulum, but there are several cases of abnormalities where the frenulum becomes very short or what is called a Tongue Tie.
This condition will make the tongue seem to be sticking to the gums or floor of the mouth and cause the baby’s tongue to not move freely.
If the Tongue Tie is not treated immediately, it will make it difficult for the baby to suckle, speak, even eat and swallow.
In general, Tongue Tie which is a congenital disorder has been estimated to occur in 3-5% of newborns.
Tongue Tie disorders are also more common in baby boys than in baby girls.
Causes of Tongue Tie
Until now, it is not known exactly what causes Tongue Tie in babies.
However, in several cases it was found that babies who have Tongue Tie disorders have parents who also have a history of similar conditions.
Therefore, there is a suspicion that Tongue Tie is influenced by genetic factors of the parents.
Characteristics of Tongue Tie Disorder
Babies who suffer from Tongue Tie generally can know the characteristics and symptoms. Here are some of the characteristics of Tongue Tie in babies:
The baby has trouble moving the tongue either up or sideways.
A baby’s tongue can’t stick past the front teeth.
The shape of the baby’s tongue looks like a V or a heart.
Babies tend to chew rather than suck when breastfeeding.
The feeding process becomes longer because the baby repeatedly inserts and removes the breast nipple.
Babies tend to have a hard time gaining weight because they don’t get enough breast milk.
While breastfeeding the baby is always fussy.
Types of Tongue Tie Disorders Based on Severity
Based on the degree of severity, Tongue Ties can be classified into 4 different types. Check out the following:
1. Tongue Tie Type 1
Type Tongue Tie 1 is a Tongue Tie disorder that is not too severe and the baby’s frenulum is still quite thin and elastic.
2. Tongue Tie Type 2
In the Tongue Tie 2 type, the baby’s frenulum can still be said to be elastic but is already more rigid than the type 1.
3. Tongue Tie Type 3
In this type of Tongue Tie, the frenulum in babies will be thicker and more rigid which sticks from the middle of the tongue to almost the floor of the mouth.
4. Tongue Tie Type 4
In the case of Tongue Tie, type 4 is the most severe Tongue Tie category where babies with type 4 Tongue Tie will have a frenulum located behind close to the base of the tongue.
This will make the tongue difficult to move.
How to Heal Tongue Tie
How to cure or treat Tongue Tie based on the severity. Usually the doctor will wait while monitoring the progress, this is because the Tongue Tie can heal by itself over time.
However, if it is so severe that it is difficult to eat, the doctor will usually perform the following surgical procedures:
Frenotomy, is a surgery for the mild Tongue Tie class.
Frenectomy, surgery that will cut the entire frenulum of the tongue.
Frenuloplasty, this surgery is performed on a type of frenulum that is too thick to cut, so the doctor will cut the frenulum of the tongue using a special tool.
Thus was some information related to Tongue Tie in infants along with its characteristics and how to cure it.
Source: Suara.com – Berita Kesehatan Terkini by www.suara.com.
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