Barcelona will regain its leading position on the European map of supercomputers with the new supercomputer Mare Nostrum 5, whose installation is expected by the end of this year.

Mare Nostrum 5 will be 15 to 20 times stronger than the current version of Mare Nostrum 4, which is the second strongest supercomputer in Europe and 13th in the world, and 10,000 times faster than the first generation of this computer made in 2004, which was the strongest at the time. the old continent.

Work on the installation of the latest version of this supercomputer has already begun at the Barcelona Computing Center (BSC), which was visited by a group of journalists from Serbia as part of the Pulse of Europe project.

Journalists had the opportunity to see and get acquainted with the operation of the Mare Nostrum 4 supercomputer, housed in the 19th-century Torah Diorna Chapel, which the Polytechnic University of Catalonia in Barcelona ceded to the BSC in the early 2000s.

Mare Nostrum 5, which should be ready for work next year, will have a maximum calculated power of 200 petaflops, which means that it can perform 200 million billion (200,000,000,000,000,000,000) operations per second.

Its purpose will be primarily for European medical research, including drugs, vaccines and simulations of the spread of the virus, as well as for climate prediction, the development of artificial intelligence, big data processing and numerous other scientific studies.

The total costs for purchase, installation and work over five years will amount to 223 million euros, and half of the budget will be financed by the European Union.

Mare Nostrum 4 earned 47.2 million euros in 2021, of which 9.2 million from the Spanish and Catalan governments, and 21.6 million from the European Commission.

This supercomputer makes money by renting a fixed-term use. BSC uses only 20% of the capacity of supercomputers, and the rest is shared by the Spanish network of supercomputers and the European network PRACE, so it is available to researchers from all over Europe.

The rise of the digital economy

Barcelona has become one of the technology capitals that is increasingly attracting international investors, but also talents.

The commissioner for the promotion of the city of Pau Solanilla, Franco, told the Serbian media that Barsleon has been increasingly focusing on the digital economy and starting startups in recent years, and that 1,500 million euros were invested in startups in the city in 2021 alone.

“The digital sector continued to grow during the pandemic, which led to a situation where we could not find people for the jobs we create. “We have 7,000 to 8,000 jobs that we cannot fill in the city,” Franco said.

An important role in the economic development of the city is played by the Barcelona Active agency, which has been helping the unemployed to adapt to the labor market, companies to start new projects or expand their business for 35 years.

When it comes to the IT sector, where the average salary is between 40,000 and 50,000 euros a year, 90% of people who come to them find a job.

“Startup Revolution” in Valencia

In addition to Barcelona and Madrid, Valencia is becoming an increasingly attractive place for “digital nomads” and starting a business.

Valencia has become the fastest growing entrepreneurial ecosystem in Spain, with the most startups per capita in the country – there are more than 850 registered startups, which is twice as many as a year ago.

Most of them are developing artificial intelligence, “big data”, IoT (Internet of things) and “cloud computing”.

As journalists from Serbia were told in the Invest in Valencia office, 200 million euros were invested in startups in 2021, and more than 100 events related to startups and digital technology will be held during the year.

What sets Valencia apart from other developing technology centers is that it is easy for companies and startups to find talent.

Valencia has two public and six private universities with more than 117,000 students, and almost 20% of the population has a university degree. Every year, more than 3,500 engineers and programmers graduate from Valencian universities.

Fifteen journalists from Serbia visited Barcelona and Valencia in April as part of the Pulse of Europe project with the support of the European Union Delegation to Serbia.

E2 portal (Euractiv)

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