Under the auspices of the then French queen, Catherine de ‘Medici, and on this day, in 1581, the first ballet performance “The Queen’s Ballet of Comedy” was organized and performed, which is taken as the day the ballet was created.
Ballet in the time of Queen Catherine de ‘Medici of France was a ballet of the Renaissance, Baroque and Classicism – which developed primarily in Italy, where dance masters and a dance hall first appeared.
However, a real ballet performance was held in Paris under the auspices of Catherine de ‘Medici, as the first performance that combines music, words, dance and pantomime.
In order for ballet to develop, it was necessary to have a specific situation and a person who would enable it, and that was exactly what she was.
As a French queen and as someone who comes from a wealthy family, she gathered great artists and architects of that time, among whom was the famous Italian choreographer Balthazar de Bougway – with whom he created “ballet de cour”, ie court ballet.
The Ballet Comique de la Reine was a magnificent five-hour performance performed during the royal wedding.
As the dance technique of that time was limited, the emphasis during the performance was on costumes and reciting lyrics.
Medici aspired to create the inevitable drama and stage effects for such events, and historian Francis Yates called her “a great creative artist at festivals.”
Katarina introduced innovation into traditional entertainment and increased the prominence of dance.
Catherine de ‘Medici was born on April 13, 1519, whose father was the famous lord of Florence, Lorenzo II.
After the death of her husband Henry II, she ruled France as regent from 1950, and with the help of Pope Gregory XIII, she organized the massacre of Protestants on August 24, 1572, which is known in history as Bartholomew’s Night.
Source: Dnevni list Danas by www.danas.rs.
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