BalkanMagazin :: Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe calls for the establishment of a tribunal for Russia’s crimes in Ukraine: A new role for the Council of Europe?

The resolution emphasizes that the Russian Federation, despite the termination of membership, remains part of the European Convention on Human Rights, until September 16, 2022, pursuant to Article 33. That article of the European Convention of the Council of Europe, as they say, should be “used” in order to bring, individually or collectively, actions before the European Court of Human Rights for all alleged violations of the Convention on Human Rights and its protocols
(Illustration, German Frank Schwabe, author of the report on the consequences of the “Russian Federation’s aggression against Ukraine and the role of the Council of Europe” on the basis of which the resolution condemning Russia was voted)

At the spring session of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, deputies from 46 member states of this pan-European organization voted for a resolution proposing an “urgent” establishment of a special International Criminal Tribunal to investigate Russia’s “crimes of aggression” in Ukraine. Out of a total of 306 deputies from 46 countries, 116 voted – unanimously supporting the text of the resolution.

The tribunal would operate on the basis of a multilateral agreement between a group of countries, backed by the UN General Assembly and the Council of Europe.

The PACE resolution proposes that the seat of this special court for crimes in Ukraine be in Strasbourg.

Council of Europe building

Take advantage of Russia’s former participation

The resolution also emphasizes that the Russian Federation, despite the termination of membership, remains part of the European Convention on Human Rights, until September 16, 2022, pursuant to Article 33. That article of the European Convention, as they say, should be “used” as all individual violations of the Convention on Human Rights and its protocols would be brought before the European Court of Human Rights, individually or collectively.

The same resolution also calls on member states to support, politically, financially and professionally, the investigations already launched by the prosecutor of the Permanent International Criminal Court against “suspects in war crimes, crimes against humanity and possibly genocide” in Ukraine.

The resolution calls on 46 member states of the Council of Europe, including Serbia, to make available all the evidence they have, including intelligence, satellite images and intercepted communications.

It should be reminded that Russia left the Council of Europe in March and was almost simultaneously excluded from this organization, founded in 1949, whose role is to monitor respect for human rights and the rule of law in the member states. As it was said then, 73 years ago, the goal of founding the Council of Europe was to never repeat the events that led to the Second World War.

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Frank Schwabe

… “what is our role in this particular situation” …

At the session that ended yesterday, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe once again strongly condemned Russia with the resolution on “Russian aggression against Ukraine”.

Earlier, in an emergency resolution passed in March, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe called on member states to help Ukraine in its efforts to protect its territory and airspace, which included military support.

“I know that some thought that this formulation went too far, while some thought that it was not sharp enough, but in factmilitary support is included in this terminology, and I urge all of you to stick to this type of compromise, “said Frank Schwabe, a German author of a report on the consequences of the Russian Federation’s aggression against Ukraine, addressing fellow MEPs. and the role of the Council of Europe “on the basis of which the resolution condemning Russia was passed.

“This is about understanding who we are, what our role is in this particular situation,” Schwabe said, announcing the fourth summit (in 73 years) in which the foreign ministers of all 46 Council of Europe member states would take part. which would redefine the role of this pan-European organization.

As one of the possibilities, Schwabe, as the PACE rapporteur, suggested that citizens whose countries are not members of the Council of Europe be included in the work of the organization.

“We need to move on to the next stages, we need to think about how to involve Russian civil society in (Council of Europe) /… / and we should do everything we can to enable the opposition in Belarus to participate in the work of our organization.” said the Swabians.

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Session of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe

The end of the “European idyll”

Presenting his report to the deputies, he mentioned the financial problems of the Council of Europe.

Schwabe stated that many countries are reducing their payments in an effort to save, but it is generally known that Russia, in proportion to its size, contributed the most money to the budget of the Council of Europe. After her exclusion (abandonment), the organization’s budget will be less than 33 million euros a year.

Denying the necessary finances to the Council of Europe would mean “suffocating” this pan-European organization. Its disappearance or substantial transformation would mean the definitive disintegration of the order established after World War II.

At the same time, this would extinguish the last hope that peace in Europe can be permanently ensured by establishing democracy and a legal order in which the state is separated from the judiciary, and each government is replaced in democratic elections.

According to unofficially confirmed information, Germany has launched an initiative to distribute the missing 33 million euros “among some member states” and to increase their regular membership fees by a certain amount.

Since Russia joined the Council of Europe on February 28, 1996, that date has been considered the end of the Cold War.

The date of Russia’s exclusion from the Council of Europe – March 16, 2022 – marks the end of the “European idyll” and the dream of those in the West who shared with Gorbachev the idea of ​​including Russia in the common European security order – the “common European home”.

War is no longer in distant lands where Western powers are at war, calling it “intervention.” The war is no longer in the Balkans – that “backyard” of Europe. Western European countries can no longer turn their heads – war is at the door.

In the face of images of terrible war destruction and suffering, war with weapons and war with information, “never again” – pronounced in 1949 during the founding of this organization at the University Palace in Strasbourg – means almost nothing.


Source: Balkan Magazin – Aktuelnosti by www.balkanmagazin.net.

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