Among the 20s and 30s, males waiting for military enlistment and females in academic status showed the highest level of ‘awareness of gender conflict’.
According to the ‘Analysis of Economic Factors of Gender Conflict among Youths’ (joint research conducted by the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family and the Bank of Korea) posted on the Policy Research Service website on the 27th, the level of awareness of gender conflict among young men and women differed depending on what activities they were currently engaged in.
◆ Single women in their 20s who are studying have the highest awareness of gender conflict
The research team investigated gender conflict perception using 8,583 samples of men and women aged 20 to 39 used in the ‘Youth Life Process and Future Prospect Survey’ (October to November 2020) conducted by the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family. A value of 1 was given for the most severe perception of gender conflict, and a value of 0 for the opposite case.
As a result, women (0.82) rather than men (0.39), 20s (0.68) rather than 30s (0.50), single people (0.64) rather than married people (0.46), and childless people (0.62) rather than children (0.46) perceived gender conflict. showed a high trend.
For women, the level of awareness of gender conflict was the highest in the case of academic status (0.97), almost close to 1, followed by economic activity (0.81), doing nothing (0.75), and housework (0.64). .
For men, awareness was high in the order of waiting for military enlistment (0.55), not doing anything (0.51), academic (0.45), and economic activity (0.36). Although waiting for military enlistment is the highest, it is also lower than that of housework (0.64), which is the lowest level for women.
◆ Women’s perception of gender conflict, negative impact on childbirth
Research has shown that women’s perception of gender conflict has a negative impact on childbirth. The level of perception of gender conflict did not have a significant effect on individual earned income, nor did it affect the probability of marriage. However, although it did not affect the intention to have children in the male sample, it was found to have a negative effect in the female sample.
The research team said, “As the level of awareness of gender conflict was higher in the female sample than that of men, and in the case of the female sample, the negative effects of gender conflict awareness were clearly revealed, so it is necessary to first consider policies that can contribute to lowering the level of awareness of gender conflict among women. There is,” he suggested.
◆ Gender conflict deepening?… Awareness that ‘our society is equal’ has increased over the past 5 years
Awareness of gender conflict differs according to men and women, but despite the fact that it is quite high, it was found that the awareness of gender equality felt by the Korean people is higher than before.
In the survey on gender equality in 2016 and 2021, the research team surveyed citizens aged 15 and older (7399 people in 2016, 8358 people in 2021) in the areas of overall society, education level, participation in economic activities, participation in decision-making, and gender stereotypes. The level of gender equality in Korea was asked on a 9-point scale. A score of 5 indicates a perception of very equality, a score of 1 to 4 indicates inequality for women, and a score of 6 to 9 indicates perception of inequality for men.
As a result, all responses saying ‘very inequality’ decreased (very inequality 0.69% → 0.57% for men, 2.37% → 1.89% for women), and the number of responses saying ‘very equal’ increased from 22.07% to 35.25%.
The change in perception that men and women have become equal was particularly noticeable among women under the age of 30. In 2016, only 11.4% of women in their 20s and younger said that our society was equal, but this percentage more than doubled five years later to 26.2%.
The perception of equality among women in their 30s increased from 8.4% to 21.9%. The perception of equality among men in their 20s and younger also increased from 27.1% to 47.3% during the same period.
There were gender differences in the outlook for gender equality after five years. Among female respondents, ‘Our society is more unequal towards women now and will continue to be so in the next 5 years’ (38.1%), and among men, ‘Gender equality is now and will continue to be the case in the next 5 years’ (24.8%). .
The research team said, “Recently, there has been a marked decrease in the perception of inequality between women and men.” It is getting stronger.”
Reporter Nam Jeong-hoon [email protected]
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