Avoid code security issues

The online service Jaxenter.com has researched four common software security problems and offers advice on how to avoid them.

The process of managing and maintaining secure software can present unexpected hurdles for developers trying to deliver functionality as quickly as possible. Research shows that 59 percent of organizations today deploy code several times a day, once a day, or once every few days. However, as software has become the backbone of modern businesses, cyberattacks have become a pervasive threat, making application security a critical necessity to ensure business continuity.

1. Fixing security vulnerabilities takes too long

One of the most common challenges for both developers and security teams is security debt. To avoid adding to the security debt, developers can implement automated scanning and testing. The more automation, the better: The “State of Software Security (SoSS) Report“found that companies that combine dynamic analysis (DAST) with static analysis (SAST) fix half of their security vulnerabilities significantly faster – an average of 24.5 days faster.

Another way to find and fix new vulnerabilities faster is to scan more often. In addition, a steady scan rate can help the team see meaningful changes in the proportion of error types and reduce security debt over time.

2. Understand common code vulnerabilities

The same four vulnerabilities appear in the top 10 of the security report year after year, indicating a gap in the awareness and training of developers. In fact, developer safety training is possibly the greatest challenge of all. Not only is secure coding not regularly taught at university, but on-the-job training is hard to come by, as most of the application security lies with the security team. To empower developers to prevent, find, and fix vulnerabilities in code, organizations need to offer actionable, hands-on training that developers can apply immediately to solidify what they have learned and make it part of their daily routine.

3. Dependence on open source libraries

Open source code is used almost everywhere. And when you consider that many open source libraries are not selected directly by the developers – 46.6 percent of unsafe open source libraries in applications are brought into the application from another library in use – it is easy to understand how open source code increases the attack surface within applications. Integrating a scanning tool such as Software Composition Analysis (SCA) can help identify open source vulnerabilities with greater accuracy. And since 74 percent of open source vulnerabilities can be fixed with a patch, revision or major / minor version update, this process enables efficient damage limitation.

4. High and very high severity bugs

Whichever language you prefer, understanding the mistakes that affect you the most will help. Research has shown that

  • Almost 60 percent of C ++ applications have high and very high severity bugs; The most common errors include error handling errors, buffer management errors, numeric errors, and directory bypass errors.
  • 52.6 percent of PHP applications have high and very high severity bugs; The most common errors found include cross-site scripting (XSS), cryptographic issues, directory traversal errors, and leakage vulnerabilities.
  • Java suffers from CRLF injection errors, code quality problems, information leaks, and cryptographic problems. 97 percent of Java applications are third-party code and pose a greater, invisible risk.

By studying error prevalence trends in various popular languages, developers have a better understanding of the day-to-day risks they face while programming and can use this knowledge to anticipate those errors before they become a problem. The implementation of secure coding practices and the use of hands-on training to expand knowledge help ensure that application security can keep pace with modern development requirements. When developers are empowered not only to find bugs in their code but also to fix them, they are well on their way to becoming security conscious developers.

The full English-language article on the subject you’ll find here.

Source: com! professional by www.com-magazin.de.

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