Astra Linux: Rysyz Oryol – what is the Russian “national” operating system


List of chapters

1. installation and configuration 2. Tour

Curiosity drove me to try to look at the Russian national system. I downloaded Astra Linux, which is said to be recommended for the Russian military and state institutions. Let’s take a quick look at the miracle.

I’m basically a curious person. Therefore, I did not resist the temptation when I learned that the Russian national system Astra Linux can be installed in English. I was looking for a homepage that can be switched to English. There was a choice to purchase a commercial version with increased security certification, or a free download of the common version for general use. I downloaded the general purpose version.

So, now security. Never try such an exotic on an iron where you have data, or on a virtual machine that has directory sharing with the base system. It might not turn out well. And I do not mean the bad intention of the author of the program, but a runtime error or uncorrected vulnerability. And it can be abused by someone outside.

I will use Virtualbox. I prefer to set the computer to a decent 2 cores and 8 GB of RAM. The installation is started and the first task is to select English.

I go through the offers and then I get to the License. And I’m really looking. This is not a GPL3 license. It looks more like a freeware license with restrictions. I am not a lawyer so I will not judge the legality of the use. But I would definitely not use something similar in the company. Although I do not expect interest in similar products with this product.

I go on and say to myself, this looks like a Debian installer, even without major changes. And see if I go back and get to the selection of installation steps, then they forgot the Debian label here.

I have the installation complete. After the restart, I’m on the desktop. Fortunately, the increase in resolution goes classically via the right mouse button and I can see the working environment. So at least 15 years old style. but something looks at least interesting.

So, now you need to install guest add-ons for use in VirtualBox. After selecting an image from the menu, it is added to the virtual machine. I’ll peek through this computer and look for it. However, tapping does not work. File Manager does not allow this. Under the right button I find the connection menu. So I’ll use it right away. In the menu I even find the option to run a terminal above the current directory. I will also use it immediately.

I want to install, but the file is not marked as executable. This just shows again that the system is based on Debian. Debian behaves the same way. I copy the first to the desktop. Then I can enable the option to run the file. Once started, there are error messages. That there are no programs to unpack. This is no longer standard behavior.

I need to install them, but load and update the repositories first. I will, but the whole process seems suspiciously slow to me. Unfortunately, as it turned out a moment later, there was a reason. The gcc, make and perl packages still needed to be installed. The installation even froze the first time and the download ran at minimum speeds for the second time.

In the end, the installation of the add-on went correctly. So we’ll restart. A screenshot program is open in the background. KDE Spectacle is used here.


Source: Pctuning – Všechen obsah by pctuning.cz.

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