From time immemorial, mankind’s festivities have been centered around a particular time of the year.
There is a pure feeling of eternal bliss in those significant days. Among them, the Asadhi full moon is one of the most important dates among the full moons intertwined with the memory of the great compassionate Tathagata Gautam Buddha, who showed the way to the liberation of human beings.
The great man Gautama Buddha appeared in the sixth century BC. The Asadhi full moon, which is associated with the memories of the Buddha’s life, has eventful significance.
On this great day, Prince Siddhartha Gautama took revenge on Queen Mahamaya’s stomach. On the full moon day of Happy Baishakhi, Siddhartha Gautama was born in a garden called Lumbini in the border area of the Himalayan foothills.
He was then twenty-nine years old. Prince Siddhartha went on a city tour with Sarathi Chhandak one day. That day he saw an old man with a disease, a man with a disease, and a dead man. After three horrific visits, he saw a monk in a quietly buried ocher robe.
Siddhartha had a deep feeling in his heart. He realizes the truth of life from the abundance of life. According to him, sorrow in this world is infinite and time is very fleeting. Then Siddhartha decided to leave home in search of a way out of grief.
On a deep night of Asadhi full moon, Rupavati’s wife Yashodhara and son Rahul are asleep. Siddhartha despised the fleeting illusion of the throne and left home. Then the king gave up his ornaments, cut his hair and converted to asceticism. This departure of the prince from home is called Mahaviniskraman. It is a rare event in the history of the world where a king, a prince has left the kingdom and left his married wife and children.
Then, on the banks of the river Nairanjana in Nepal, he attained enlightenment after 6 years of hard work at the root of the Mahabodhi tree. Siddhartha found the cause of sorrow. That householder is none other than the thirst hidden in your heart. The loss of thirst means extinguishing but to go this way one needs to avoid ignorance and false vision. The mentality of non-violence. Charity, modesty, thoughtful consciousness.
Two months after attaining enlightenment, on the auspicious full moon day of Sarnath, he went to Rishipatan Mrigdaba and was the first to preach his new religion to the five disciples through the introduction of Dharmachakra.
On the day of Asadhi Purnima, the great compassionate Buddha first preached his newly acquired knowledge to the Panchavargi disciples at Isipatan Mrigdaba in Sarnath, that is, he addressed the Panchavargi disciples surrounded by eighteen crores of Brahma in the Buddha’s seat.
Among them, Kondanya Buddha expanded his knowledge according to Dharmadesana and became established as a result of his association with eighteen crore Brahma. Later all the five-class monks qualified. This is why this date is also called the date of introduction of Dharmachakra.
It is to be noted that Emperor Ashoka Sarnath erected a pillar symbolizing renunciation, friendship and humanity and placed the Dharmachakra symbol on it. This is called Ashoka Chakra.
On this full moon day, Buddha displays Zamak Riddhi at the root of Sravasti’s Gond mango tree. The Tripitaka scriptures contain many details about the display of this Zamak Riddhi. It was on this day that the Mother Buddha ascended to heaven to preach to Queen Mahamaya.
On this day the quarterly monsoon of the revered monks begins. From the Asadhi full moon to the Ashwini full moon, the monks observe the rainy season for three months by observing the rites prescribed by the Buddha. Their role in the growth of righteousness is undeniable.
This auspicious Asadhi full moon day is being celebrated with utmost respect in the entire Buddhist world except Bangladesh. The world poet Rabindranath Tagore realized the importance of Asadhi Purnima and observed it with due dignity. During his time in Santiniketan, the ‘Dharmachakra Introduction Festival’ was held as usual on this auspicious occasion.
The date of Asadhi Purnima, which is intertwined with the above memory, is therefore considered by all Buddhists as a day of admiration and self-realization. The scope of the Buddha’s realistic view here is very wide where the Buddha called for giving up momentary happiness and momentary enjoyment and coming forward for greater happiness.
For 45 long years he preached the nectar of Nirvana for the welfare of the living world. The religion of Buddha spread all over the world including Jambudip at that time. On the full moon day of one Baishakhi, at the age of 80, this world-revered great man passed away in the forest of Mallas of Kushinagar.
Author: Cultural activist, essayist and lyricist. Editor, ‘Amitabh’ (Journal of Society, Literature, Culture)
E-mail: [email protected]
Source: দৈনিক আজাদী by dainikazadi.net.
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