Artichoke cultivation – take the instructions and make sure you harvest

Artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus) is an old crop that was introduced to Finland as early as the 17th century. The cultivation of the potato soon ate up its cultivation, but the artichoke has kept its surface. Artichoke cultivation is excellent in home gardens: you can grow it in the vegetable garden, on your own bench or in a growing box.

The shoots of the plant can stretch up to more than 2 meters during the summer. On favorable autumns, they bloom yellow in the autumn summer. Even if flowering is missed, the crop can still form in late fall.

Also read: Did you know that the place to plant potatoes should be varied? This is how potatoes are successfully grown in the home garden and on the balcony

© Pauliina Salonen

Artichoke is an easy and perennial crop

Artichoke is a perennial, without special treatment almost anywhere growing crop. Its tubers are usually planted in the ground in the fall and produce a crop as early as a year.

The harvest season is late autumn, not earlier than September and often only October-November. The tubers remain in the ground over the winter, so they can be harvested from there to the dining table throughout the fall and spring as well.

Breeding tubers are sold by garden shops and sometimes market vendors. There is also a lot of propagating material when harvesting, so even a guy who grows artichokes in his yard may have a few tubers.

Reserve a place for the plant

The artichoke vegetation is so intense that it quickly conquers the growing space from other plants. Therefore, your own bench or cultivation box is best for it.

Admittedly, when the crop is harvested, the tubers easily fall into an environment where they often germinate in their places of fall.

Read also: Stage collar for your yard? Look at the tips in the crop box for cultivation and grow an effortless harvest

artichoke cultivation

© Paula Ritanen-Närhi

Artichoke breeding

  • The habitat should be sunny and warm and the ground pitted. Sun and heat are necessary for the crop to form – it is difficult to raise the tubers from the rocky ground.
  • Plant the tubers in early spring or late fall to a depth of about 10 inches and 30 to 50 inches apart. If you are growing more than one line, leave 80 to 100 cents of space between the lines.
  • Improve the soil with compost soil, if available. A suitable soil pH is 6–7.5, ie the soil should be limed. Basic fertilization and annual spring fertilization with universal fertilizer are necessary.
  • The tubers do not grow in size until late summer and autumn. So raise in early spring before the start of shoot growth or only in late fall.
  • Tubers of all sizes can be lifted and eaten, but the easiest to wash are potato-sized “unbranched” tubers. On the other hand, large tubers get a higher yield.
  • After harvesting, plant some of the tubers back into the ground for the following year. Usually, small tubers of artichoke go unnoticed in the ground, so growth continues in the same place.

Source: Puutarha – Kotiliesi.fi by kotiliesi.fi.

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