Argentine hibiscus, Pavonia missionum: plant, cultivate, multiply

Pavonia missions is a small naturally shaped Argentine hibiscus with red flowers contrasting against fresh green foliage. Grown in pots or built into a lush garden, it is beautiful, easy-going, and even drought-resistant.

Hibiscus d’Argentine, Pavone missions


Scientific N. Pavonia missions

Synonyms Pavonia lanceolata, Pavonia wioti, Malvaviscus multiflorus, Triplochlamys multiflora

Origin South America

Flowering from May to October

Flowers Red rose

Typeshrub plant


Foliage persistent

Height1,20 3m

Plant and cultivate

Hardiness slightly hardy, up to -8C

Exposition full sun, partial shade

Solpotting soil

Acidity neutral acid

Humidity fees without excess

useplante d’intrieur, vranda, conservatory, exterior and t


Multiplicationseedling, cutting

Hibiscus d'Argentine, Pavone missions

Pavonia missions, the Argentine hibiscus, is a plant lively ornamental belonging to the family Malvaceae, related to hibiscus and mallow. Pavonia missions is originally from South America, native of the Argentinean coast, in particular in Currents and Missions, the region where it was discovered and which gave it its name. Thespecies is also present in Brazil and Paraguay, always below 900 m altitude and taking advantage of more open areas along the rivers.

From a European point of view, Pavonia missions gives us the opportunity to grow a small hibiscus, and above all with a very natural appearance. Her hardiness moderate limits it as a perennial, but it readily reseeds itself. This species, recently available in culture, brings joy to the massifs while being easy to grow.

Description of the Argentine hibiscus

Pavonia missions is a perennial plant with rhizomatous strain which bears multiple basal stems. It stretches for about 50 cm, but rises from 60 to 120 cm. This little bush is persistent in the regions with mild winters, but the vegetation disappears and takes again the stump after a freezing winter.

The leaves are alternate. They show an entire blade to slightly lobed, toothed, globally triangular, and tapering to a point, 6/7 cm long. Fresh green in color, it has the particularity of being sticky like that of certain petunias. These leaves are aromatic.

Its flowers appear early in late winter on evergreen plants or later in season on a seedling, it is capable of bloom for a long time during the summer. They are born from the axils of the leaves, distributed here and there on the bush, without stopping because several buttons follow one another starting from each axillary bud.

The flowers are about 4 cm in diameter and they do not have the heaviness of hybrid hibiscus, they are quite small, but what a color! Their 5 petals very slightly turbinate and well spaced are bright red, pulling on the deep orange. They form a corolla very flat, from which rises a long pistil dark red at style divided, surrounded by multiple long yellow stamens.

Each fleur only lasts one dayor even half a day in full sun. But they follow one another for a long time.

These flowers are attractive to the insects which pollinate them. The fruit is dry, subglobular, typical of Malvaceae. It releases many seeds which, under the right conditions, provide spontaneous seedlings.

How to grow and use Argentine hibiscus?

Pavonia missions is tolerant of the nature of the soil offered to him: however, a soil rich enough in organic matter allows to obtain a beautiful plant rich in foliage and therefore more exuberant. It supports regular or even abundant watering in draining soil, but arid situations can also suit it, where, more dense, it will be resistant to drought.

She likes the full sun or partial shade.

In partial shade and in the ground, when it is not excessively dry, the Argentine hibiscus brings a quite exotic abundance which fits wonderfully into a well-filled garden: its tall flowering branches are then carried by neighboring plants, and its scattered red flowers are well highlighted against a background of greenery.

Dry resistant and somewhat sensitive to long frosts, the Argentine hibiscus is sometimes considered a mediterranean plant, but ultimately it can be grown further north.

The way to cultivate Pavonia missions is mainly defined according to the climate in which it will live.

In Mediterranean climate, Pavonia missions is in its temperature range where it is quite rustic. More inland or in an oceanic climate, it can spend the winter in the ground, with a sufficiently draining soil, resistant to temperature drops of up to -8 ° C (perhaps beyond) . It then loses its foliage and rejects in the spring.

Precautions for growing in colder climates

When frosts limit its hardiness, the Argentine hibiscus can be grown as an annual, by hastening a sowing warm in spring, or kept in a pot and brought in in winter under shelter, which it also supports well. However, one can also attempt a naturalization, thanks to spontaneous sowing which appears when the seed falls on a fairly welcoming space of earth. In the colony, they will form a particularly joyful spectacle.

In climates where its hardiness may be tested, it will be necessary test spontaneous sowing while taking the precaution of collecting a few seeds or overwintering cuttings each year in case the Argentine hibiscus of open ground freezes. As it becomes acclimatized, it is likely that volunteer seedlings will become better and better suited to the area.

Pavonia comment roaster mission?


In spring, the seeds germinate easily in a potting soil seedlings, between 15 and 20 ° C. wet abundantly until emergence, then reduce watering: excess water can be harmful. These seedlings need excellent light without direct sunlight.

As soon as they can be handled, the seedlings are individually potted by incorporating soil from the garden into the potting soil. The young Argentine hibiscus are then introduced into the ground when there is no risk of freezing.


Summer cuttings are fairly easy using 10/15 cm sections of semi-lignified twigs. Freed of the majority of their leaves and driven into a slightly damp soil, stifled, they take root in a few weeks. At the first signs of recovery, they went out into the open.

Species and varieties of Pavonia

150 to 280 species in this genus depending on the classifications:

  • Pavonia lasiocarpa, bush with pink flowers
  • Pavonia multifloraBrazilian candelabra
  • Pavonia x gledhillii is a hybrid of Pavonia multiflora with Pavonia makoyana, Makoy’s pavonia
  • Pavonia spinifex, medicinal and with yellow flowers
  • Pavonia candida, a Mexican species
  • Pavonia praemorsa, a South African species
Plants of the same genus

Source: Au Jardin, conseils en jardinage by

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