Aralia fern leaves, Polyscias filicifolia: plant, grow, multiply

Fern leaf polyscias, Polyscias filicifera is a beautiful tree-shaped houseplant with fine, lush foliage. It is easy to grow in the house as long as the atmosphere is not too dry.

Aralia fern leaves, Polyscias filicifolia


Scientific N. Polyscias filicifolia

Synonyms Aralia filicifolia

Origin New Caldonia, New Guinea

Flowering dbut d’t

Flowers rather insignificant, greenish

Typehouseplant, small tree


Foliage persistent

Height1 2m en culture

Plant and cultivate

Hardiness not hardy, between 17 and 24C

Exposition bright exposure, but without direct sunlight


Acidity slightly acidic alkaline

Humidity normal fee

Useapartment, greenhouse, veranda

Plantationspring fall



Polyscias filicifera, the fern-leaved aralia is a small tree belonging to the family Araliaceae, close to ivy and aralias. He is originally from New Caledonia and New Guinea. A tropical plant, the fern-leaved polyscias is in Europe a popular houseplant, the most cultivated of its kind: its cut and dense foliage is beautiful.

Description of Polyscias filicifera

2 to 3 m high, or less if pruned, the Fern-leaved Polyscias is a fairly narrow, well-branched small tree. Small, it forms a bushy plant with very indented leaves. When ripe, its trunk becomes apparent, it takes the shape of a columnar tree, and its leaflets become somewhat rounded.

Led as a houseplant, the fern-leaved aralia can be modeled according to your desires: make its trunk appear thickened or not; limit its height indoors … it is a graphic plant with abundant foliage.

It sometimes flowers in the form of branched inflorescences bearing small yellow or white flowers.

Toxicity: While many species of polyscias have an irritating sap, Polyscias filicifolia, his, is not toxic.

How to cultivate Polyscias filicifera ?

Fern-leaved Aralia loves soil humus and draining: a potting soil for green plant is quite suitable, to renew every 1 or 2 years during a spring repotting. It grows quite fast, so it is offered a large container to watch it grow.

He asks for a exposition bright, but without direct sunlight, and an temperature between 17 and 24 ° C, conditions easily met in the house.

The soil of Polyscias filicifera must stay wet at all times, without soaking in water: this beautiful plant is watered regularly all year round: whenever the first 2 centimeters on the surface are dry. Use fresh water only (rainwater or tumble dryer recovery), as it cannot withstand hard water.

Of the’fertilizer green plant is added to the watering every 2 weeks from April to September.

And Polyscias filicifera with a tendency to lose too many leaves, especially in winter, it is because it suffers from too much atmospheric drought: he does not like drafts or being placed too close to radiators. Atmospheric humidity can be raised by placing it on a tray of clay balls or surrounding it with other green plants, or even misting it.

How to propagate the fern-leaved aralia?

Polyscias filicifera cut from tender twigs or lignified wood, bearing a minimum of 5 leaves. They can be taken in spring or summer, possibly from the residues of your training pruning.

Only one sheet, the highest, is left, if any, on the lignified cutting. The cuttings are soaked in the cutting hormone which speeds up the rooting process (it is very slow without the hormone). They are stuck in a pot substrate draining and moist (potting soil + sand), then kept stifled and warm.

Species and varieties of Polyscias

About 25 species in the genus

  • Polyscias paniculata, with very cut leaves
  • Polyscias guilfoylei, false coffee, small-leaved
  • Polyscias balfouriana, aralia de Balfour
  • Polyscias roble, with geranium leaves
  • Polyscias fruticosa, Chinese aralia
Plants of the same genus

Source: Au Jardin, conseils en jardinage by

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