Antibiotic resistance causes death

Stating that unnecessary and excessive use of antibiotics, which is accepted as one of the greatest discoveries of medical science for the benefit of humanity, reveals antimicrobial resistance, which is the biggest health hazard in the 21st century, Infectious Diseases Specialist Prof. Dr. Meral Sönmezoğlu pointed out that 700 thousand people die every year in the world due to antibiotic resistance.

Pointing out that the statistics on antibiotic resistance, which has become a global problem for the world, are also alarming, Yeditepe University Hospitals Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology Specialist Prof. Dr. Meral Sönmezoğlu said, “Besides the fact of loss of life, economic losses have become a big problem especially in low and middle income countries. Since the production of new antibiotics is now very difficult and there is no good news on the horizon, usable antibiotics have to be managed correctly.”


Reminding that the World Health Organization prioritizes studies on the correct use of antibiotics and reducing antimicrobial resistance, Prof. Dr. Meral Sönmezoğlu continued her words as follows:

“Decisions to be taken with the (Global Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System (GLASS)) surveillance system initiated by the World Health Organization to monitor antimicrobial resistance have begun to be determined. First of all, with the antibiotic classification called AWARe, antibiotic use rules have been determined and followed.”


Pointing out that our country is among the countries with the highest antibiotic resistance, Prof. Dr. Meral Sönmezoğlu, “According to the first results of the review, the use of antibiotics in our country has increased by 32.87 percent in the last 10 years, and the antibiotics to be chosen in the first place are 40% in our country, while at least 60% of all antibiotics should be used. Antibiotic consumption in Turkey is the highest in the WHO European Region. “The rates are among the highest, and antibiotic use is the main driver of antimicrobial resistance (AMR).

Saying that a new electronic prescription system has been developed to monitor and control antibiotic use in Turkey, Yeditepe University Hospitals Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology Specialist Prof. Dr. Meral Sönmezoğlu said, “The system tracks prescription data and provides feedback to doctors. Turkey is a member of the WHO Antimicrobial Drug Consumption Network and its data complies with WHO international standards.”


Underlining the need to control antibiotic resistance and increase public awareness, Prof. Dr. Meral Sönmezoğlu listed what needs to be done as follows:

“Antibiotics should only be used when recommended by the doctor and for the period determined by the doctor.

“Most of the upper respiratory tract infections, which are the diseases for which antibiotics are prescribed the most, develop due to viruses, not bacteria on which antibiotics are effective. Therefore, it should be known that antibiotics do not have any effect in these diseases and should be treated accordingly.

“The doctor should not be asked to prescribe antibiotics, should not be pressured.

“Antibiotics should not be kept at home and antibiotics should not be offered to others.

“Antibiotics should not be used as antipyretics and pain relievers.

“Antibiotics should not be discontinued before the recommended period, but they should not be used longer than necessary.”

Source: STAR.COM.TR by

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