Ankara crocus, Crocus ancyrensis: plant, cultivate, multiply

Crocus ancyrensis, the Ankara crocus is an adorable miniature, whose warm and bright yellow brightens up the end of winter. The effect becomes remarkable when it naturalizes, which it does vigorously as soon as it can take advantage of dry soil in summer.

Crocus ancyrensis, Crocus d’Ankara


Scientific N. Crocus ancyrensis

Origin Turkey

Flowering February, March

Flowers orange yellow

Typebulb plant, rockery


Foliage lapsed

Height8/10 cm

Plant and cultivate

Hardiness very rustic, up to -23C

Exposition sunny in winter, maybe shade in summer

Solsandy, gravelly, limestone, steep

Acidity slightly acidic very alkaline

Humidity wet and draining in winter / dry in summer

userockery, mate, embankment, gravel garden

PlantationJune, July, August, September, October

Multiplicationdivisions, semis

Crocus ancyrensis, the Ankara crocus is a bulbous plant of winter flowering belonging to the family of Iridaceae. It is originally from Turkey, present on sunny and dry hillsides, especially around Ankara. Crocus ancyrensis is a species botany (even the variety often sold): readily naturalizes when the right conditions are met. Although small, it is extraordinary when it spreads through a rock garden or on an embankment.

Description of the Ankara crocus

Crocus ancyrensis is a small crocus at winter cycle. Its round corms with a fibrous shirt begin to develop deep roots in the fall, to bring out its flowers in February and March. The grass-like leaves emerge at the same time as the flowers, then elongate after flowering, when they form new corms for the following year. They turn yellow around April, when the resting season begins.

Each corm is multi-flowered. The flowers are very long, tubular, and open on 6 tepals with rounded tips of a very warm yellow on the outside and a pretty tangerine hue on the inside. : it is sparkling!

These flowers are pollinated by insects, but do not produce seeds easily unless the pollination is crossed.

Crocus ancyrensis ‘Golden Bunch’ is an excellent selection of this botanical species, the one most often offered for sale. Not only is its color very intense, but it is more floriferous: it makes several bouquets of flowers per bulb, and then each of its bouquets gives birth to more than one fleur.

How to cultivate the Ankara Crocus?

Crocus ancyrensis needs a wet winter and a dry summer while the bulb rests. It is not very suitable for flowering the lawn, especially if it is watered in summer. On the other hand, it will benefit from a drainage beneficial in a gravel garden, on sand or a slope; it also likes a trough or rockery. It accepts any draining soil, but prefers a soil with a limestone tendency, moderately fertile.

It can be bought from the end of August and is planted immediately until October, later the result can be disappointing. We choose theexposition as bright as possible in February so that it does not slip away and because its flowers only really bloom with the rays of the sun.

It is planted under 3 to 5 cm of soil.

After flowering, Ankara crocus bulbs must replenish their reserves, so this graminiform foliage must be allowed to develop until their resting season (approximately until May). Moreover, being of winter vegetative cycle, they can be integrated in the middle of various deciduous or annual perennials, to xerophytic tendency, since Ankara crocus bulbs prefer to stay dry in summer.

How to multiply the Ankara crocus?

Crocus ancyrensis spreads easily by division of corms during the rest season.

Species and varieties of Crocus

100 species, of which only about 30 are cultivated

  • Crocus flavus, suitable for rockery
  • Crocus angustifolius, the crocus draped in gold
  • Crocus chrysanthus, often bicolor
  • Crocus vernus, Naples crocus, Spring crocus
  • Crocus sieberi, Crocus de Sieber
  • Crocus biflorus, the Scottish crocus, a rare species
  • Crocus sativus, saffron
  • Crocus nudiflorus, our Pyrenean crocus
Plants of the same genus

Source: Au Jardin, conseils en jardinage by

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