Women are much more likely to be seriously injured in road accidents than men. However, this pattern is not associated with physiological differences, but with the fact that women, on average, drive more compact and lighter cars. To such conclusions based on the results of the study came Insurance Institute for Highway Safety.
Although men are more likely to be involved in fatal accidents, in relative terms, per road accident, the risk of death for women is 20-28% higher, and of serious injury – 37-73% (the exact value depends on speed and other factors). All other things being equal (the same car and the speed of the accident), the risk of injury in both sexes is more or less equivalent.
“Statistics show that women are more likely to drive smaller, lighter cars and are more likely to have side impact and front-to-back crashes,” said Jessica Jermakian, vice president of research at IIHS.
For its study, IIHS analyzed data on injury crashes from 1998 to 2015.
In frontal impacts, women are 3 times more likely to have moderate injury, such as a bone fracture or concussion. The risk of lung collapse or brain injury is twice as high. In side impacts, the likelihood of moderate injury in both sexes is approximately the same, but the risk of serious injury is approximately 50% higher in the fairer sex.
The IIHS says that in ordinary cars, men crash 60% of the time, and women 70%. At the same time, the stronger sex is four times more likely than the weak to get into an accident on frame pickups (20% versus 5%). But even within the same class of car, men tend to use a heavier and larger model, which a priori provides an increased level of safety in collisions.
Source: Российская Газета by rg.ru.
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