The features, price and release date of the new generation Ryzen 5000 desktop processors have been announced.
AMD, the next generation after long-standing rumors and the wait Ryzen 5000 launched the series desktop processors. As you know, we were expressing the new processors as Ryzen 4000 series until recently. However, the red team also named the processors we know under the code name “Renoir” in desktop and mobile platforms as Ryzen 4000. The company named the new Zen 3 processors Ryzen 5000 to avoid confusion. Thus, a new page has been opened for Zen 3 desktop processors.
Zen 3 and Ryzen 5000 Processors Overview
- The promise of leadership in 1080p gaming performance.
- Same optimized 7nm fabrication process as Ryzen XT models.
- 19% IPC improvement with Zen 3 microarchitecture.
- Up to 24% better power efficiency – 2.8 times better than 10900K.
- Higher frequencies for most models – 4.9 GHz with the Ryzen 9 5950X.
- The L3 cache is now consolidated into a single 32MB cluster for every eight-core chip (CCD).
- No cooler comes with the Ryzen 9 and Ryzen 7 models.
- AM4 socket compatibility.
- New motherboards were not announced.
- Beta support for 400 series motherboards begins in January 2021.
- All Zen 3 desktop, mobile, and APUs will carry the Ryzen 5000 name.
- Same 142W maximum power consumption as previous generation for AM4 socket.
Zen 3 Architecture
In addition to the processor naming, the Zen micro-architecture has also been completely renewed and we are facing the Zen 3 architecture. New generation Ryzen 5000 “Vermeer” desktop processors are built on Zen 3 architecture.
The new Zen 3 cores come with an average IPC (instructions per cycle) increase of 19%. On the other hand, an optimized 7nm generation has been used in the new processors so that we can see frequency speeds of 4.9 GHz. The company achieved an IPC gain value of 19% by calculating the geometric average of 25 workloads measured with two eight-core chips locked at 4.0 GHz.
AMD says the Zen micro-architecture has been completely redesigned to deliver massive IPC gains, and this combined with high clock speeds brings dramatic performance improvements over previous generation Ryzen processors.
Talking about the manufacturing technology, the red team used the same advanced version of the TSMC 7nm used in the Ryzen XT series processors. It is estimated that they use the N7P production node, although the details of the work are not provided.
New Architectural Design
Zen 3 has MCM (Multi-Chip Module) layout like Zen 2 processors. In addition, 6 or 8-core Zen 3 Ryzen 5000 processors come with a single core group, while 12 or 16-core processors come with two core groups.
Moreover, the internal design of each chip has also changed significantly. In the Zen 2 architecture, each CCD contained two quad-core clusters with access to an isolated 16MB L3 cache slice. Thus, while the CPU had 32 MB of cache, not all cores could access the cache on-chip equally due to the split design.
In the new layout, we can see that the chip now contains a large 32MB L3 cache and all eight cores have full access to the shared cache. This improvement not only minimizes the lag between cores, but also from core to cache.
Core Complex Die (CCD):
- It consists of CCXs.
CCX consists of:
- Up to 8 cores that can run in single-threaded mode (1T) or two-threaded SMT mode (2T) for a total of up to 16 threads per complex.
- 4MB L2 cache per CCD with 512 KB of L2 cache per core.
- Up to 32MB of L3 cache shared across all cores within the complex.
AMD also says they achieved significant performance gains per watt with all architectural changes. Increased IPC performance, other SoC optimizations, and higher clock speeds are all a plus. The red team seems to have managed to stay at the same thermal values as the Ryzen 3000 processors while offering more performance.
Of course, it is a separate success that they achieve this with the same 7nm production. With the combination of all architectural improvements made to the Zen 3 architecture, power consumption remains the same.
AMD says that as a result of these factors, it has achieved a 24% efficiency increase with the Ryzen 9 5900X compared to the Ryzen 9 3900XT based on the Zen 2 architecture. Intel’s latest Comet Lake processors, on the other hand, experienced increases in power consumption.
Ryzen 5000 Series Processors
AMD today introduced its 4 new processors: Ryzen 9 5950X, Ryzen 9 5900X, Ryzen 7 5800X and Ryzen 5 3600X.
|Processor||List price||Core / Trace||Taban/Boost|
|Ryzen 9 5950X||$799||16 / 32||3.4 / 4.9 GHz||105W||64MB (2×32)|
|Ryzen 9 5900X||$549||12 / 24||3.7 / 4.8 GHz||105W||64MB (2×32)|
|Ryzen 7 5800X||$449||8 / 16||3.8 / 4.7 GHz||105W||32MB (2 x 16)|
|Ryzen 5 5600X||$299||6 / 12||3.7 / 4.6 GHz||65W||32MB (2 x 16)|
AMD says its Ryzen 5000 chips are faster than Intel in single-threaded and multi-threaded performance as well as gaming performance, while also ahead in price / performance. They also add that they offer up to 2.8 times better power efficiency than Comet Lake.
The red team promises an average of 26% more performance when gaming with the Ryzen 9 5900X compared to the Ryzen 3900X, as well as improved performance in both single and multi-threaded applications. Naturally this will depend on the game and application. However, to get a better idea of Zen 3 performance, it is useful to take a look at the comparison tables.
The new generation Ryzen 5000 series desktop processors will be on sale worldwide as of November 5.
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X
Starting from the top of the series, the Ryzen 9 5950X hosts 16 cores and 32 threads while targeting users who want high multi-threading performance on the AM4 socket.
The chip has a total cache of 72MB and a TDP of 105W, and it also has a boost frequency of up to 4.9 GHz, which is pretty high for a 16-core product. Let’s add that it has a list price of $ 799.
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X
The Ryzen 9 5900X comes with 12 cores and 24 threads and has the same core count as its predecessor. In addition to 70MB of cache, this chip is rated 105W TDP in the same way as its big brother.
With a base clock frequency of 3.7 GHz, the 5900X can reach speeds of 4.8 GHz, higher than the Ryzen 9 3900XT. The processor, which offers better performance, will cost $ 50 more than the 3900XT and will have a retail price of $ 549.
The AMD Ryzen 9 5900X offers 15% better single-threaded performance to its rival Intel Core i9-10900K in Cinebench R20 performance benchmarks. In the games, it was stated that the performance increases reached 21%.
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X is an 8-core and 16-thread CPU. This chip is marketed as the best 8-core processor on the market for gamers, with a 3.8 GHz base clock speed and 4.7 GHz boost clocks. The processor has a total of 36MB of cache and 105W TDP. Its price is around $ 449.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
The Ryzen 5 5600X, which appeals to the middle class, contains 6 cores and 12 threads as we expect. This chip will become a new option for gamers with a 3.7 GHz base and 4.6 GHz increased clock speeds.
The 5600X has a total of 36MB of cache and is on par with its predecessor, with 65W TDP. Finally, this desktop processor will be available for $ 299.
Ryzen 5000 and Motherboard Compatibility | 500, 400 and 300 Series
The new processors continue to use the AM4 socket structure as expected. New generation processors will be compatible with B450 and X470 chipsets motherboards, and this is possible with a BIOS update. As we mentioned before, this is a one-way update and it will not be possible to revert to the old BIOS version afterwards. In addition, with the new updates, there will be some restrictions depending on the motherboard model. Some users will not be able to use some older generation Ryzen processors after performing this update.
However, let us once again state that the 500 series motherboards are fully compatible with Zen 3 processors. In other words, it is possible to use the new Ryzen 5000 series processors with the A520, B550 and X570 chipset motherboards. Also, support for PCIe 4.0 continues with new processors, and you can enjoy higher speeds with compatible motherboards.
Motherboard manufacturers say independently that even 300-series motherboards will support Zen 3 processors via a BETA BIOS. they approved.
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