With the economic deterioration that Egypt has been suffering from since the 2013 coup, the unemployment crisis and the numbers of the unemployed are increasing, and young people are spinning in a vicious circle in search of a job opportunity in light of these gloomy and dark conditions that the Corona pandemic has cast a negative shadow on, so that the picture is getting darker and miserable, which is what pushed millions to Legal and illegal immigration in search of a job opportunity in a world that respects the humanity of man and works to achieve his dignity.
Despite the drumming of the military regime and the electronic battalions that do not stop promoting this corrupt criminal regime, the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics admitted that the unemployment rate had risen to 7.5% during the third quarter of this year.
The Statistics Authority said in a statement that “this result was revealed by the labor force research for the third quarter (July-September) of 2021, where the unemployment rate reached 7.5% of the total labor force, compared to 7.3% in the previous quarter of 2021, an increase of 2% For each of the previous quarter and the same quarter of the previous year.
He pointed out that the size of the labor force recorded about 29.380 million individuals, compared to 29.115 million individuals during the previous quarter, with an increase of 9%. The urban labor force reached 13.187 million individuals, while it amounted to 16,193 million individuals in the countryside. At the gender level, the size of the male labor force reached 24, 277 million individuals, while females reached 5,103 million individuals.
The Agency revealed that the number of unemployed reached 2,211 million, representing 7.5% of the total labor force, compared to 2,115 million unemployed in the second quarter of 2021, an increase of 96 thousand unemployed by 4.5%, and an increase of 150 thousand unemployed compared to the same quarter of the previous year, by 7.3 0%
This recognition comes despite the fact that the unemployment rate mentioned by the apparatus is much lower than the real rate in order to deal a blow to the coup regime, which claims that it is achieving achievements in all fields and that it is building the new republic that knows nothing but lies, fraud, forgery and deception, starving Egyptians and wasting their present and future.
For its part, a report by the Egyptian Center for Economic Studies expected unemployment to rise to between 13.4% – 19%, assuming scenarios on the ground, pointing out that the situation of workers in Egypt fluctuates between optimism and pessimism.
The center said that “the unemployment rates rose to 9.6% during the second quarter (April-June) 2020 compared to the previous quarter, which recorded 7.7%, or the corresponding quarter of 2019, which recorded 7.5%, according to the data of the Statistics Authority.”
He explained that assuming the optimistic scenario, the unemployment rate is expected to rise to about 13.4%, noting that according to the pessimistic scenario, the unemployment rate will rise to higher levels, up to 19%.
The report stressed that “these rates are consistent with the expectations of the International Labor Organization and the International Monetary Fund in April 2020, that the annual unemployment rates in Egypt will rise by the end of 2020 to 10.3% and to 11.6% by the end of 2021.”
Mona Badir, a macroeconomic analyst at Prime Investment Bank, said, “The average unemployment rate in Egypt during 2020 reached 11%, stressing that the peak will be during the end of this year.”
In a press statement, Mona expected the unemployment rate to rise to 11% during the current fiscal year, and to 12% during the next year.
She added that the high unemployment takes into account the limited ability of the economy to create job opportunities for the new entrants to the labor market, whose number ranges between 500,000 and 700,000 people each year.
In addition, Mona stated that the crisis of the Corona virus pandemic imposed on many economic sectors the abandonment of employment to reduce expenditures.
She pointed out that there is another factor that may affect the unemployment rate, which is the return of some Egyptian workers abroad, and the decline in job opportunities in some countries that depend on Egyptian labor, such as the Gulf states, and consequently their impact on absorbing part of unemployment.
Dr. Khamis Al-Helbawi, an economist, said that “education and training systems have a major role in the spread of unemployment among graduate youth in particular and among Egyptian youth in general, noting that the problem of unemployment began to appear after the July 23 coup and the declaration of the republican system in 1952, where it was one of the most important The failures of this coup attempt to gain mass leadership by sacrificing the old established education systems, such as declaring free education absolutely free, regardless of the issue of quality and excellence as a condition of free education for the privileged.”
Al-Helbawi added in press statements that this procedure caused all classes of society to aspire for its children to obtain higher qualifications to occupy prestigious job positions, and to abandon training in technical professions that society needs while ignoring the supply and demand on the university qualifications market, which led to the catastrophe of abundance, stressing that abundance The request for higher qualifications led to neglect of quality and attention to quantity in graduating the campaign of education and employment instruments, so education chaos spread and there was no longer any interest in obtaining the appointment instrument, which then became a burden on the bearer because of the appearance that forces him to conduct behaviors that he does not already have the cost of its manifestations .
He expressed his regret that this continues to this day, as the policy of restoring the education system is still subject to multiple ideas that corrupt education more than it restores it, as a result of the administrative backwardness enjoyed by the routine followed by officials who make matters worse when they take over the leadership of the education sector, and insist on applying their failed theories in Restoration of education for fear of groups benefiting from free education.
Al-Helbawi added that, with the passage of more than fifty years since Egypt experienced its misfortune as a result of the lack of interest in the real reform of education, the economic system was moving from weakness to weaker, due to the failure to add new professionals instead of those who disappear either by death or by emigration to countries of the world that can provide a life More luxury according to their experiences, and the Egyptian market became includes ignorant professions and technical crafts instead of high expertise, which was rivaling and even surpassing European experiences.
He explained that one of the causes of the unemployment crisis is that after the Egyptian economy was successfully managed when the population was 14 or 20 million people, production of them was about 50%, or about ten million people, the population became about 100 million people, with no hands. A worker fit for work and production and sufficient to produce enough consumption, and thus the cost of society and the services required for its livelihood increased, and the gap between what is available and what is required to implement real development plans has widened.
Al-Helbawi pointed out that the reason for unemployment is that all graduates, without exception, were not trained in any professional or scientific personal skills that are related and commensurate with the needs of the labor market, not even commensurate with the appointment instruments they hold. In order to obtain those certificates, he stressed that successive governments neglected proper planning and scientific and practical training in accordance with the actual needs of the labor market.
He revealed that poor central planning, lack of time to develop the Egyptian economy and the search for illusory leadership led to the exhaustion of Egypt’s wealth and the impoverishment of Egyptian society to the extent that the Egyptian economy turned into an economy that expelled skills, morals and values, as a result of the increasing poverty of society, so trained manpower migrated to Arab countries that benefited from Egypt’s problems turned into rich countries, European countries and North America, and deprived Egypt of the skills and experience of its sons, which caused the lack of trained cadres to train new trainees in various professions to develop the Egyptian economy, which turned into a weak economy compared to the economies of countries such as China, India and southeastern countries. Asia.
Source: بوابة الحرية والعدالة by fj-p.com.
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