NGOs want to hold the state accountable for environmental damage and say a victory in this case would be a symbolic victory in trying to persuade world governments to do more on the issue.
An international treaty signed in Paris five years ago obliges states to take action to ensure that the global climate does not warm by more than two degrees Celsius by the end of this century compared to the period before the Industrial Revolution. In addition, the Treaty of Paris calls for a maximum warming of 1.5 degrees, if possible.
But experts say governments are far from meeting their commitments. As a result of this inaction in society, especially among young people, anger is growing, one of the most visible symbols of which has become the ecological movement led by Swedish teenager Greta Thunberg.
The case in France is part of a growing pressure from climate activists around the world to secure their ambitions through the judiciary.
In 2019, the Supreme Court of the Netherlands, after examining a lawsuit filed by one NGO, instructed the government to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 25% by the end of 2020 compared to 1990 levels.
The history of the case in France began in December 2018, when four NGOs accused the government of failing to reduce emissions. A record number of 2 million people signed a petition in support of their complaint. – people.
Dissatisfied with the response, NGOs, including Greenpeace and Oxfam in France, filed a lawsuit in March 2019 to claim a symbolic sum of one euro from the state.
Exceeded emission standards
“We are full of hope for this review and for any further decision,” Jean-Francois Julliard, director of Greenpeace France, told AFP.
He explained that he would like the court to recognize that the state is not doing enough.
“The cherry on the cake would be a decision to oblige the state to do more to get France back to compliance with the Paris Treaty,” Julliard added.
Although France has committed to 40% by 2030. to reduce greenhouse gas emissions compared to 1990 levels, NGOs claim that emission targets have been exceeded.
They also complain about the shortcomings of the building renovation program, which is intended to improve energy savings, and the development of renewable energy, arguing that it affects the health and daily quality of life of the French population.
Increasing number of natural disasters
The NGOs attached to their application the testimonies of 100 individuals, who collected a total of more than 25,000 online.
“For me, climate change – with more natural disasters, rising sea temperatures and increasing coastal erosion – is now a reality,” said Jean-Francois, owner of a mollusc farm on the island of Oleron in western France.
For me, climate change – with more natural disasters, rising sea temperatures and increasing coastal erosion – is now a reality.
The government, for its part, rejects allegations of inaction and draws attention to the 2019 energy and climate law, which “strengthens climate goals” to make the country climate-neutral by 2050 and reduce fossil fuel consumption by 40 percent by 2030.
If we lose, then it will be easy for the state to say, “We won in court, so end your relentless claims.”
The government’s legal defense team also rejected a claim for compensation for environmental damage, arguing that the French state could not be held solely responsible for climate change, with the country’s emissions amounting to only about 1 percent. global.
Mr Julliard acknowledged that the case could turn against NGOs at the other end.
“If we lose, then it will be easy for the state to say, ‘We have won in court, so end your relentless demands,'” he said.
*The article has been translated based on the content of 15min.lt – suprasti akimirksniu | RSS by www.15min.lt. If there is any problem regarding the content, copyright, please leave a report below the article. We will try to process as quickly as possible to protect the rights of the author. Thank you very much!
*We just want readers to access information more quickly and easily with other multilingual content, instead of information only available in a certain language.
*We always respect the copyright of the content of the author and always include the original link of the source article.If the author disagrees, just leave the report below the article, the article will be edited or deleted at the request of the author. Thanks very much! Best regards!