70 percent of lung tumors can be detected at an early stage by CT

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According to research for the British Public Health Service (NHS), 70 per cent of lung cancers can be detected at an early stage by CT scan, The Guardian reported.

Researchers say the lives of many thousands of people could be saved by CT screening every year. Screening for smokers and quitters could detect lung cancer at an early stage, which is one of the leading causes of death in Britain. The country is diagnosed with 48,000 new cases of lung cancer each year. The disease kills 35,000 a year.

Experts are asking the British government to make CT scans of smokers and quitters a routine. Lung cancer is difficult to detect, so three out of four cases develop such a severe condition that at this stage, treatment can no longer save the patient’s life.

However, a research team at University College London Hospital (UCLH) offers a life-saving solution to the problem: disease specialists say lung cancer can also become a cancer that can be caught at an early stage. CT scans can also detect first- or second-degree signs of lung cancer in 70 percent of cases, which can be a huge advance in diagnosis.

Sam Janes, who led the research, told The Guardian that at the university’s lung cancer clinic, seven out of ten patients go to the doctor in such a way that their condition is already inoperable and incurable. However, in CT-screened, early-stage cancers, 7 out of ten patients are potentially curable.

As he said, many of the patients felt incredibly fortunate to have been involved in the research, as they had their lung cancer discovered at an early stage and were able to have surgery. They left the hospital in three or five days, and after six weeks they could return to work, resume their old lives. Normally, they would probably have been seen by a specialist only a year and a half before the cancer was so advanced that there was a good chance their lives could not be saved, Janes explained.

The researcher and his team found 180 cases of lung cancer by screening 12,100 smokers and quitters. Study participants were in the 55-78 age group from central, north-east and north-east London, and many lived in poorer environments.. Research participants volunteered for CT screening after receiving an invitation from their GP.

As experts have pointed out, lung cancer is the leading cause of death in Britain, and screening could reduce the number of male deaths by 25 percent and the number of female victims by 30 to 40 percent.

The results of a so-called Summit study conducted by UCLH will be published in a medical journal this year.


Source: Patika Magazin Online by www.patikamagazin.hu.

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