5 signs that may indicate an immune deficiency

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If we often get various infections, we can think that there is a more serious disease behind it. However, according to immunologist Dr. János Kádár, a doctor at the Immun Center, this cannot be concluded solely on the basis of frequent illness, but if other symptoms also appear, it may even indicate a state of immune deficiency.

We know several forms of immunodeficiency diseases. THE primer symptoms of immunodeficiency usually appear in childhood. They exist secondary immunodeficiency conditions that occur with other diseases, such as diabetes, kidney disease. In addition, frequent infections can also be caused if someone is taking medication that inhibits the functioning of the immune system, for example in the case of an autoimmune disease. THE earned the most well-known form of immunodeficiency is AIDS.

1. Recurrent, unexplained fever

In the case of a prolonged, persistent rise in temperature or fever – if all the necessary tests have been carried out and the root cause is still not found – the diagnosis is: fever of unknown origin. In such a case, the possibility of immunodeficiency should also be considered.

2. Diarrhea

A common symptom, it can be the result of a simple upset stomach or a gastrointestinal infection. However, if the symptoms do not go away, the diarrhea persists for days or weeks, to such an extent that the patient can already lose weight, then there may be a more serious reason behind it.

3. Infections requiring multiple antibiotics within a year

For adults, 2-3 respiratory diseases per year in the autumn-winter period can be called average, and we can even be more susceptible to infections if prolonged, for example, work or family stress makes our lives difficult. However, ear, lung, sinus, or bronchial infections that require four or more antibiotic treatments per year are cause for concern.

4. Skin symptoms

It can be a warning sign if, in addition to frequent infections, the presence of oral thrush, fungal infections and recurring abscesses are also present.

5. Infections unresponsive to antibiotics

If the patient has recurring and/or unusual infections caused by pathogens that do not respond or respond very poorly to antibiotics, if intravenous antibiotics are needed, it is still worth suspecting immunodeficiency.

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A complex investigation

In the case of frequent infections, it is always necessary to check whether there are any underlying organ abnormalities. Recurrent sinusitis can be caused, for example, by a nasal polyp or an unrecognized respiratory allergy, or even reflux, so an examination by the relevant specialist is necessary in the first instance. It is essential to thoroughly interview the patient and learn about the family and individual medical history. In addition, laboratory tests and immunological tests also help to decide whether the patient is immunodeficient, explains Dr. János Kádár.

Source: Immune Center

Source: Patika Magazin Online by www.patikamagazin.hu.

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