There are several reasons that can lead a person to want to try hallucinogenic or psychedelic drugs, and some of them have become a kind of symbol of an era, but the truth is that they are still quite dangerous for health. Let’s meet below 5 of the most popular hallucinogenic drugs and what are their effects.
What are hallucinogen drugs
Hallucinogenic drugs are psychoactive substances that, if taken, influence the perception of reality, emotions and thoughts of those who consume them. Hallucinogenic drugs are capable of modifying sensations and senses and can generate hallucinations and sensory disturbances.
Although the effects tend to be highly variable from one person to another and depend on the particular drug used, a person who has taken hallucinogenic drugs will generally have distorted senses, mixing reality and fantasy, their thoughts and behavior will be altered. These effects can change dramatically depending also on the intensity of the substance.
Hallucinogenic drugs mainly affect the central nervous system (CNS), where the brain is located. When entering neurons, these substances mainly alter the release and function of the neurotransmitter known as serotonin, a chemical involved in sensory perception, pleasure, hunger, temperature, conductive regulation, muscle control, and mood. Serotonin is not only found in the brain, it is also found throughout the spinal cord.
Types of hallucinogenic drugs
Hallucinogenic drugs can be varied, although over the years it seems that some of them have seen how they were more consumed than others. Let’s see then the Five main types of hallucinogenic drugs and what effects can they have if we take them.
This is definitely the best known and most powerful hallucinogenic drug. I mean, it is one of the strongest hallucinogenic drugs. LSD is created from a derivative of the rye fungus and has an odorless white crystalline form and can be diluted in water. For consumption, glass is generally ground into powder for later produce LSD tablets called “tripis” or paper impregnated or other material with diluted LSD and then vacuum.
LSD acts on serotonin receptors in the brain, known as 5-HT, by interrupting the reception of serotonin in certain areas of the nervous system.
The effects of LSD are quite unpredictable in terms of experience, but they tend to be severe hallucinations, distortion or loss of reality, and sudden mood swings. Its duration is generally quite long, a normal dose could last about 10 hours.
Given its unpredictable nature, its effects are often called “travel” and can be experienced both positively and negatively, and there is no exact way to determine whether it will be a good trip. Under the effects of LSD, emotions often fluctuate sharply between them, and you can go from outright euphoria to the most intense fear in a very short period of time. Therefore, the effects of LSD can cause distortions in perception in a pleasant way, reduce anxiety and tension, or have very unpleasant and distressing experiences with horrible hallucinations.
2. Psilocybin or hallucinogenic mushrooms
The hallucinogenic mushrooms or “magic mushrooms” They are used as recreational and spiritual drugs and their effects come from the substance known as psilocybin. Psilocybin is a naturally occurring alkaloid compound found in a wide variety of mushrooms and is the substance that will then be processed in the liver until it is derived from psilocin, the psychoactive component that causes psychedelic effects by altering the presence of serotonin.
The method of consumption consists of eat previously dried mushrooms to be processed by the stomach. The effect takes 10 to 40 minutes to appear and can last from 2 to 8 hours. The intensity, duration and time it takes to appear can vary depending on the type of fungus, quantity and physiological disposition of whoever ingests it.
Although there are many types of hallucinogenic mushrooms, the most common effects of psilocybin are sensory hallucinations, in particular visual and pleasant sensations of the body, the introspection of thought and the distortion of the perception of time. The intensity compared to LSD is much lower and the sense of reality is not lost.
Its gentler and introspective effects have given way to mushrooms for mystical undertone use, to experience experiences that many describe as spiritual and revealing. As some trips reduce anxiety and give way to a feeling of serenity, an attempt has been made to apply psilocybin as a possible treatment for depression or anxiety disorders from a pseudoscientific perspective, although it may be of interest in the future for more elaborate studies.
3. Ecstasy or MDMA
Ecstasy, also known as MDMA, is a drug from the amphetamine family that has been artificially created and is generally taken in the form of pill. Since it also acts as a mental stimulant, it is one of the most popular hallucinogens and is most consumed at parties and social events.
Among the effects of ecstasy, in addition to hallucinations and sensory alterations that are a mental stimulant, it seems to give effects such as increased attention, energy, warmth, and closer connections with others, adding a great sense of pleasure. However, these seemingly positive effects are only temporary and can lead to a long-term cognitive impairment.
In addition, with the use of ecstasy there are also adverse symptoms on emotional regulation, which facilitates the appearance of anguish, irritability and changes in mood and appetite.
4. Dimetiltriptamina o ayahuasca
Dimethyltryptamine is a fairly underused drug that falls into the tryptamine family. Dimethyltryptamine or ayahuasca is considered one of the natural hallucinogenic drugs. It has a white, crystalline form that is usually consumed by inhalation like tobacco or can be ground for direct injection, although it may also be convenient to consume it directly orally. In cases where this psychedelic is impure, it will have a yellowish or orange color.
The duration of is hallucinogenic drug is generally short, about 30 minutes or so, but its hallucinogenic effects are usually of high intensity and cause very different subjective sensations to appear.
5.Phencyclidine and Ketamine
Both phencyclidine, better known as’ angel dust ‘, and ketamine are considered’dissociative drugs’ due to their sedative effect. These hallucinogenic drugs were originally created as pain relievers, but have been withdrawn from the market for their hallucinogenic properties. Both can be consumed in the form of tablets.
The phencyclidine has an action period of 4-6 hours. Perceptual distortions go hand in hand with an extreme feeling of euphoria that ends with sedation.
The ketamine lasts less, approximately 2 hours. It is characterized by the dissociative experiences that appear when consuming it, such as feeling out of body or have amnesia of the episode after using it.
What are the risks of hallucinogens?
The severity of psychedelic drugs is hard to predict. The amount consumed, tolerance, previous use, the type and kind of sensory disturbances that it caused are factors that greatly complicate the determination of the exact risks that a person may suffer from taking one of these substances. So the consequences of hallucinogenic drugs can vary.
However, they are still dangerous substances so their consumption is not recommended. In fact, its use can generate withdrawal syndrome if intake is stopped. In addition, they can cause organic changes in the brain in relation to serotonin, psychotic disorders due to intoxication, alteration of attention, memory or generating a high tolerance to the substance and creating dependence. Increasing the dose taken or looking for a stronger and potentially more harmful drug.
Source: okdiario.com by okdiario.com.
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