As feared, the novel coronavirus infection (Corona 19) struck directly on the socially vulnerable. The number of involuntary unemployed workers is increasing rapidly in vulnerable groups such as temporary and daily workers and small workplaces, and 4 out of 10 non-regular workers experienced unemployment last year.
◆Corona 19 closing or dismissal… First breakthrough of 2 million involuntary unemployed
According to the National Statistical Office on the 17th, as of December of last year, the number of involuntary unemployed workers who had quit their job for less than a year was 2.196,000. It is the highest ever since 2000 when the unemployment statistics were reorganized. On the same basis, it increased 48.9% from 14,475 million in 2019, surpassed 1.86 million in 2000, when the aftermath of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) foreign currency crisis remained, and 1.789,000 in 2009, when the impact of the global financial crisis.
The National Statistical Office checks the unemployed, unemployed period, and reasons for unemployment among the unemployed and inactive population in the Economically Active Population Survey in the middle of every month. Involuntarily unemployed when respondents selected four items from the reasons for unemployment:’work closure/closing’,’honorary retirement/early retirement/clearance dismissal’,’temporary or seasonal work completion’, and’no job or business sluggish’ Classified as.
As for the reasons for involuntary unemployment last year, the most frequent completion of temporary and seasonal work was 1.15,000, followed by no work or business slump with 485,000. There were 347,000 employees in honorary retirement, early retirement, and layoffs, and 259,000 employees were closed or closed. In particular, the proportion of the vulnerable among the involuntary unemployed last year was large. In terms of employment status before unemployment, temporary workers were the most at 40.3% (885,000), daily workers 23.2% (51 million), and regular workers 18.2% (400,000).
By industry, the number of involuntary unemployed workers who were in the lodging and restaurant business hit by Corona 19 was the most, with 12.5% (274,000 people). By age, over 60 years old 36.8% (808,000 people), 50s (19.4%, 425,000 people), 20s (18.2%, 399,000 people), 40s (13.2%, 290,000 people), They were in their 30s (10.9%, 240,000), and so on.
A government official said, “There are those who have recently increased their income due to investment in real estate or stocks, and there will be those whose incomes have significantly decreased, mainly among the vulnerable and those who have no significant impact on their income while working at work, including public officials.” From the side, the focus is on selective support rather than the national disaster support payment.”
◆Non-regular workers who experienced unemployment are on the rise
The civic group Gapjiil 119 and the Public Win-Win Solidarity Fund were commissioned by Mbrain Public, a specialized public opinion poll, and conducted four times in April, June, September, and December of last year to 1,000 employees aged 19 to 55 nationwide. The results of an investigation were released on this day.
The percentage of workers who experienced unemployment during the survey continued to increase from 5.5% in April to 12.9% in June, 15.1% in September, and 17.2% in December. The unemployment experience rate of regular workers remained unchanged at 3.5%, 4.0%, 4.3%, and 4.2%, while the unemployment experience rate of non-regular workers was from 8.5% in April to 26.3% in June, 31.3% in September and 36.8% in December. The record rose steeply. The main reasons for unemployment were recommended resignation (29.7%), involuntary dismissal (27.9%), and contract term expiration (21.5%).
77.3% of workers said they did not receive unemployment benefits even after losing their jobs. Of the 209 respondents who experienced involuntary leave of work, 59.3% said they did not receive the leave allowance prescribed by the Labor Standards Act.
Among non-regular workers, 55.3% of respondents answered that their income was reduced due to Corona 19, exceeding three times the rate of regular workers, 17.5%. Among those who responded the same, 61.7% of workers with a monthly salary of less than 1.5 million won and 13.7% of workers with a monthly salary of 5 million or more.
The gap in social insurance coverage between non-regular workers and regular workers was also close to 35 percentage points. The rate of enrollment in social insurance for regular workers was 94.7%, but only 60.3% for non-regular workers. There was also a clear gap between white-collar workers (91.8%), workplaces with fewer than 5 employees (56.4%) and workers with a monthly salary of less than 1.5 million won (49.2%).
In this regard, Doo-seop Kwon, CEO of Gapjiil 119, said, “Regardless of whether you are working, closed or unemployed, all workers and small business owners with reduced incomes need a tentatively named’disaster unemployment allowance’ that provides 70% of their existing income until the end of Corona 19. “Do it.”
Sejong = Reporter Park Young-jun, Reporter Nam Hye-jeong and Park Ji-won [email protected]
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