All physical and mental health problems caused by external risk factors such as accidents, disasters, and poisoning are called ‘damage’.
Although most injuries are preventable, 1.2 million people are hospitalized for injuries and 30,000 die each year.
According to the ‘Status of Injury Occurrence 2021’ announced by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC), there are 3.71 million people with injuries (2019), 1.2 million inpatients (2018), and 30,000 deaths (2020).
Most of the injured patients were caused by unintentional accidents. This was 92% of emergency room visits and 97% of inpatients. The remaining 8% and 3% were patients injured by self-harm, suicide, or violence or homicide.
Injuries were mainly caused by falls, falls, blunt injuries, and transport accidents. Falls and falls accounted for 33.2%, blunt injuries 21.3%, and transport accidents 15.4%. The number of hospitalized patients was a fall or fall (40.0%), followed by a transport accident (29.1%) and a blunt injury (10.1%) in that order.
However, the rate of transport accidents (37.4%) was the highest for hospitalized patients aged 15 to 44, followed by falls and falls (24.1%), followed by blunt injuries (13.5%). Injury is the number one cause of death in Korea for those aged 15 to 44 years.
However, the age group with the absolute highest incidence of injuries was the elderly aged 75 years or older. In 2018, 1549 patients under the age of 14 were hospitalized for injuries, compared to 12,943 patients aged 75 and over. The number of hospitalized patients with injuries in the elderly was more than eight times higher than that of children patients.
The place where the most damage occurred was the home. In the course of performing daily activities, there were many injuries. The location of the damage occurred in the order of home (41.0%), road (25.3%), and commercial facility (10.5%). ) followed.
As many patients and deaths occur every year due to injury, it is necessary to improve the system to prevent injury and raise public awareness.
Commissioner Jeong Eun-kyung of the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) said, “Injury is a health problem with a high socioeconomic burden, which is the main cause of death and disability of young people, and hospitalization and recuperation of the elderly. I will try to make it happen,” he said.
By Moon Se-young, staff reporter [email protected]
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