A few days ago, a study found that among patients with a novel coronavirus infection (Corona 19), people with gum disease are 9 times more likely to die than those without gum disease. I knew that gum disease was bad for overall physical health, but it was a shocking result that it wasn’t two to three times, but nearly ten times higher.
Gum disease, which refers to inflammation in the gingiva, periodontal ligaments and bone tissues that support teeth, including gingivitis, periodontitis, and pungchi, is a very common disease. In Korea, it occurs in the majority of adults 20 years or older, 3 out of 4 people after 35 years of age, and 80-90% of the elderly or elderly people over 40.
Gum disease is considered light because it affects most people. However, many studies have shown that gum disease increases the risk of arthritis, heart disease, diabetes, cancer, respiratory disease, and even dementia.
Gum disease is known to exacerbate inflammation elsewhere in the body, increasing the risk of developing other diseases. If you have periodontitis, which is one of the gum diseases, bacteria from dental plaque (plaque) cause an attack by the immune system.
This causes inflammation. Over time, not only the soft tissues and bones that support the teeth are eroded, but the inflammation is exacerbated throughout the body. According to a research team at the University of Toronto Department of Dentistry in Canada, gum disease acts by attaching fuse to blood cells called neutrophils, and then causing hypersensitivity reactions to infections elsewhere in the body.
Neutrophils are polymorphic nuclear leukocytes, which have remarkable motility and phagocytosis, and play a central role in acute inflammation. Neutrophils, part of the body’s innate immune defenses, release signaling molecules called cytokines that exacerbate inflammation.
“When these white blood cells should be in first gear, it’s like they are in second gear,” the research team explained. “In this case, neutrophils are likely to release cytokines much faster, resulting in negative consequences.”
In terms of cancer, studies have shown that severe gum disease can cause pancreatic and esophageal cancer. According to a research team at the University of Helsinki, Finland, the bacteria in the mouth spread to other parts of the body and cause tumors.
The research team said, “As a result of the study, we found that the virulence factor of the pathogenic bacteria underlying gum disease can spread from the mouth to other parts of the body.” “The toxic factor participates in the central mechanism of tissue destruction related to cancer.” Revealed.
In particular, a bacterium that causes periodontitis called Treponema denticola has been shown to be associated with pancreatic cancer. The researchers discovered how enzymes from these bacteria multiply and exist in pancreatic cancer.
These enzymes help cancer cells invade healthy tissues or spread throughout the body. It has also been shown to reduce the effectiveness of the immune system, which helps detect or kill cancer cells.
The bacteria that cause gum disease have also been linked to an increased risk of developing esophageal cancer, according to a research team at New York University’s Langon Health Felmuter Cancer Center. In particular, certain oral bacteria called Tanerella forsythia have been shown to increase the risk of developing esophageal cancer by 21%.
In addition, other studies have shown that breast cancer, lung cancer, gallbladder cancer, and throat cancer are associated with gum disease. In addition, gum disease significantly increases the risk of high blood pressure and heart disease, as well as the risk of dementia.
Bacteria involved in gum disease also play a major role in the outbreak of Alzheimer’s dementia. According to a research team at the University of Louisville School of Dentistry in the United States, DNA extracted from Porphyromonas gingivalis, a bacterium that is considered a major cause of gum disease, is also found frequently in the brains of Alzheimer’s patients.
So, what can you do to prevent gum disease? Dentists cite △the habit of meticulously brushing every corner of the teeth and gums, △receiving regular scaling from 6 months to once a year, and △going to the dentist immediately if there is any abnormality in the teeth.
Dr. Seong-Yong Ryu, a dentist who is the author of’The Secret of Dentistry’ in this book, said, “Most of the dental diseases can be prevented almost 100% even if the above three points are followed, and now dentistry is not a place to treat painful teeth, It should be regarded as a place to care for teeth.”
Dr. Ryu said, “Considering many things, the economic value of a healthy natural tooth is approximately 30 million won, and since anyone is born with 28 natural teeth, it can be considered that life begins with an economic value of approximately 840 million won. “I wrote.
In fact, no matter how much money you have, what’s the use of losing your health? How about practicing small health care habits, such as proper brushing, for a happy life for a disease-free longevity?
Reporter Kwon Soon-il [email protected]
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